Lecture 2 state of nature- hobbes.docx

6 views3 pages
Political Science
13/09/2012
Lecture #2
*mc questions to prepare for exams will be asked each class
Multiple Choice Question:
According to the preferred definition of politics from the last lecture, politics is:
- Way of dealing with conflicts
What is authority?
- Right to command (legitimate rule ~ members of congress, members of parliament, etc)
- Authoritative groups (agents of the state) police, lawmakers, judges)
- The right to punish those who disobey (the law)
- Is state authority justified?
State of Nature: Thomas Hobbes
- Author of the Leviathan (1651) depicting a state of nature (a lawless, order less, anarchist world)
>hobbes creates a Thought Experiment (using imagination hypothetical)
- Books argues why society needs a state
- Hobbes: society invented states (it is not a natural occurrence but one that developed)
>hobbes believes that the state is not intrinsic in human nature (something that Aristotle (the father of
Political Philosophy) argued)
- Some central themes are
>Fear
>War: Hobbes thought that war (he was living during the civil war) would bring about the downfall of the
state (government) and subsequently the end of order which protects people from their natural
animalistic desires. The state is not perennially violent but everyone is ready to fight
>Peace : seek peace (fundamental idea)
- Worst Scenario: the worst thing you can imagine is NO STATE PROTECTION >even a tyranny with order is
better than a natural state
- Powerful state is needed to avoid disastrous interpersonal conflict
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

*mc questions to prepare for exams will be asked each class. According to the preferred definition of politics from the last lecture, politics is: Right to command (legitimate rule ~ members of congress, members of parliament, etc) Authoritative groups (agents of the state) police, lawmakers, judges) The right to punish those who disobey (the law) Author of the leviathan (1651) depicting a state of nature (a lawless, order less, anarchist world) >hobbes creates a thought experiment (using imagination hypothetical) Hobbes: society invented states (it is not a natural occurrence but one that developed) >hobbes believes that the state is not intrinsic in human nature (something that aristotle (the father of. >war: hobbes thought that war (he was living during the civil war) would bring about the downfall of the state (government) and subsequently the end of order which protects people from their natural animalistic desires. The state is not perennially violent but everyone is ready to fight.

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes