Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Global Governance, Security Studies, Human Security

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 1020E
Professor
International security after the Cold War
Security: freedoms from threats or dangers
Traditionally international security
Security of a states
1) Thus security is most frequently conceptualized as the security of a state from
external threats to its territorial integrity
2) Political independence
3) general way of life
Military threats
Revolutionary movements
Secessionist movements
Terrorist groups
However, this rather restrictive view of security has been challenged in recent decades
1) Theoretical schools that do not accept a state-centric interpretation of global
politics
2) Changes in the structure of the international system itself
As a result, it includes a range of threats that are
1) Non-state centric
2) Military in nature
3) E.g.
environmental degradation
Cultural influences
Modernization
Economic integration
Migration of peoples
Actors and forces other than state
1) Certain ideologies
2) Individuals
3) Groups
4) Socioeconomic conditions within or across state boundaries
State will go to war and threaten the security of individuals or groups
1) Use of police force
2) Discriminatory legislation
3) Economic policies
Constructivist:
1) securitization theory
2) emphasizing that security is not an objective term
3) constructed through social processes
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Document Summary

Security of a states: thus security is most frequently conceptualized as the security of a state from external threats to its territorial integrity, political independence, general way of life. However, this rather restrictive view of security has been challenged in recent decades: theoretical schools that do not accept a state-centric interpretation of global politics, changes in the structure of the international system itself. As a result, it includes a range of threats that are: non-state centric, military in nature, e. g. Actors and forces other than state: certain ideologies, individuals, groups, socioeconomic conditions within or across state boundaries. State will go to war and threaten the security of individuals or groups: use of police force, discriminatory legislation, economic policies. Constructivist: securitization theory, emphasizing that security is not an objective term, constructed through social processes. Period of armed hostilities: within or between states, other collectives ethnic groups political factions. John keegan: collective killing for a collective purpose.