Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Wilt Chamberlain, John Stuart Mill, Distributive Justice

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1020e poli sci: patterns: to each according to their (need, ability, desert) (cid:498)from each as they choose to each as they are chosen(cid:499) There is no such thing as distributive justice. Initial distribution of wealth d1 (what ever your favourite form of distribution is) i. e. equality. New distribution d2 is highly unequal (people voluntarily give up their thing from the initial distribution) Rawl"s difference principal is a patterned principal. Free exchanges will create a new distribution. Difference principal will require interference in peoples lives. Rawls: taxes on wealth need not be invasive. Nozick: taxation is on a par with forced labour. Rawls: redistribution can increase freedom of the poor. If we redistribute money we can increase freedom. He correctly emphasizes the value of making our own choices. But he fails to deal fairly with unequal circumstances. So wilt, chamberlain (and we) lack absolute property rights because such rights would prevent us from compensating undeserved inequalities.

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