Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Actor Model, Negative And Positive Rights, Constitutionalism

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Bureaucracy and Public Policy
The Evolution of Bureaucracy
Patrimonial Administration
Personal agents of the monarch
An official provided direct personal service
Rooted in the Royal Household
Can have a variety of duties
Personal relationships
Why did we move towards administration
More modern
More demanding and dangerous warfare
More complex economic society
Democratic pressures
Webarian Bureaucracy
The establishment of offices with assigned responsibilities
Merit based recruitment and advancement
Strict division of labour
Hierarchy
Formal rules
20th Century
Massive growth
in areas of state activity
Administrative capacity
Late 20th Early 21st
New public management
Contracting out
Quangos (quasi autonomous), push things half way out the door
Performance incentives,
Bureaucratic Functions
Administration
Implementation with discretion, no complete control
Agenda setting and policy advice
Policy Advice
Impartiality of civil servants is important to this part
Articulating Interests
Effective implementation, what interests are out there and how powerful
to test the reaction of the people
Draw the best possible information from the groups out there
The danger is that they are all bought out
Political Stability
Even with the spoils system (American)
May provide elements of stability and support
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Document Summary

The establishment of offices with assigned responsibilities. Massive growth in areas of state activity. Quangos (quasi autonomous), push things half way out the door. Impartiality of civil servants is important to this part. Effective implementation, what interests are out there and how powerful to test the reaction of the people. Draw the best possible information from the groups out there. The danger is that they are all bought out. May provide elements of stability and support. Capable of knowing what people want most and ranking. Instead of thinking people of rational beings, they just try to do the best with what they have. People make policies within departments with established rules and norms. People will try to garner separate interests of a specific department. More challenging to the rational acting model. Schemas and filters, our beliefs will influence what we select as important. Which policies are considered in the first place. Deciding how the decision will be made, procedures.

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