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Lecture 30

Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 30: Oligarchy, Social Inequality

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

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Poli Sci Lecture 30 Feb. 23. 16
Political Parties
Lecture Plan
Define the political party and identify its role in democracy
Explore the main types of party
Establish how and why party organization matters
What is a Party?
A Group of people
o (a) Organized for the purpose of winning governmental power
o (b) Usually with common ideological orientation
(c) A program covering a wide array of issues (Differs from social
movements because its focus is on many issues, not single issue movements
like Human Rights, Women’s Rights Movement)
Where is the Party?
It’s a Modern Institution:
o (a) Emerging 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries
o (b) To manage representative government in an age of mass suffrage
o (c) Initial Resistance 18th c: Parties as “Factions” (Parties were seen
as sources of division and conflict in a society)
o (d) Shifting popularity of parties ever since
Party Democracy
EE Schattschneider:
o “Modern democracy is unthinkable save in terms of political parties”
Party Functions
Representation Parties exist in part to make sure the views of the
population are represented
Elite Formation and Recruitment We need political elites, and to give
them good training to govern us effectively and not poorly
Goal Formulation Develop good positions and put them into an agenda,
for which goals are going to be advanced
Interest Articulation and Aggregation Articulating their positions and
expressing the positions of key constituents. No party can win an election
based on one social constituency, they need to draw together different
constituencies to win an election
Socialization and Mobilization Parties try to guide us and move us
through gentle and yet crude manipulations. They want us to get out and
support them, etc.
Organization of Government Bring discipline in order to pass legislation
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