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Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Legislature

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Peter Fragiskatos

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Political Science – February 10, 2014
Define the powers, rights, and duties of minor organization
States constitution: rules that specify how the state operates, sometimes called the
fundamental law of the state
One of the key roles held by politicians…?
The laws must reflect with?
The constitution is fundamental, power of the state for everyone to know
Rights of citizens and responsibilities…?
Set of rules…?
How far the state can and cant go
What do constitutions deal with: what areas to the constitution apply to
Four areas:
1- power and responsibilities of legislative government
2- levels of government
3- Make clear the rights of citizens
4- stimulate a procedure for mending documents
Fundamental law of the state, enforceable In courts
Not only written rules,
Convention: practices follow out of habit not written or legally required, still have to do it
If the political party violates these conventions, their power can be lost.
Executive and legislative power:
Constitution developed during strong ties to Britain: 1867
Canada did not achieve independence in 1867, self-governing to some extent, foreign
policy determined by Britain, final court of appeal was in Britain, any changes to
Canada’s appeal would need Britain’s approval.
1931: given right to its own foreign policy
19??: ??
1982: change constitution without British approval
Queen Elizabeth is still the queen of Canada.
Legislative power belongs to the queen, by convention legislative power belongs to
elected politicians only.
The governor general cannot make or change laws, only give royal consent (signature)
Executive power:
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