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Lecture

Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Edmund Burke, Social Conservatism, Neoliberalism


Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Charles Jones

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May 27, 2008
Ideologies: Conservatism
Conserve
Save, keep the same, keep from being destroyed
Philosophical Background
Aristotle, 4th century BC
Christian thinkers
Edmund Burke (1729 – 1797)
Main Ideas
Humans are flawed by nature
oNo earthly paradise is obtainable
What is proven by experience is vital for knowledge
Abstract reasoning is not productive
oMay lead to tyranny
Ex: French Revolution
Traditions, conventions, and customs must be the guide to the best life possible
oThe past is the key to the future
Political order is vital
Public virtue is paramount
Essentially, modern conservatism is not a pure ideology
oIt only takes its form as a reaction to liberalism
oE. Burke was a harsh critic of liberalism
Especially the liberalism of the French Revolution
He believed it led to the Terror
oHowever, Burke agreed with many liberal ideas such as limited suffrage,
limited monarchical power, and private property
Did not support the “laissez-faire economy”
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