Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Liberal Democracy, Majoritarianism, Oligarchy

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Forms of government: classifying government is an ancient idea and practice. Ancient greek classification (based on who rules, and how) **note*: ancient greeks such as plato and aristotle had a low opinion of democracy (people rule, democracy was seen as mob rule. There was little respect for the law and private interest prevailed over public concerns: in this way, democracy usually made a city-state weak and decadent, therefore vulnerable to attack from other city-states. Democracy (greek = people rule: not very precise, most modern states claim or claimed to be democratic . Ex: german democratic republic: main idea, majority rule. What the majority of the people want shall be done. In the west, democracy is intimately connected with liberalism to produce. Liberal democracy (constitutional democracy: there is a tension between democracy (majority rule) and liberalism (individual rights and freedoms, majorities can easily vote to nullify the freedom of individuals or minority groups.

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