Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Liberala Partiet, Communist Party Of The Soviet Union, Edmund Burke

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June 12, 2008
The Political Process Cont’d
Political Parties
Formal organization whose purpose is to place in public office persons (some of
its members) who will govern in a certain fashion
Recent phenomenon
oGrew with the extension of the franchise (vote) in the 18th and 19th century
oStarted as elite cadres/clubs and evolved into mass parties
oParties becoming formal-legal entities
Ex: tax deductible to donate to them, laws regulating contributions
Recruitment of party leaders
Aggregation of demands into party platforms
Intermediaries between government and populace
Training of party leaders
Formation of policy
oLess so in Canada
Provide legitimacy
Pragmatic Party
oNon-extremist, weak ideological, pragmatic “brokerage” parties
oTry to appeal to broad section of voters
Ex: Liberals in Canada
Ideological Party
Ex: Communist parties
Interest Party
oNarrow in focus, usually one interest
Ex: Peasant Party in Poland
Personal Party
oFounded around a charismatic leader
Ex: Gaullists in France
Movement Party
oOriginally a “movement”
oA broad interest group which becomes a party
Ex: Congress Party in India
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