Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Public Culture, Radical Change, Ascribed Status

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Liberalism, Part One
27 October 2011
- look at Rulebook for Arguments
The Four function of Ideology:
- explain the wayu the world it
- why do wars happen?
- make sense of world events
- how do we want the world to be?
- income?
- equality?
- tells you how you fit into the world (in the big picture)
- tells us how to live your life
What are NOT ideologies:
- it's not just anything that ends in "ism"
- terrorism: a strategy
- use of power from a state (state terrrorism)
- sado-masochism: a hobby
- democracy: an ideal
- more or less everyone thinks that democracy is a good idea
- promoted in different ways (liberal, conversative)
- religion: emphasizes god and afterlife (they tend too, not always)
- ideologies are about life on earth (more)
Human Nature:
- what human beings are like
- will have an account of human motivation
- competitive, cooperative, adaptable
- depends on the state
- limits political possibilities
- each ideology defines this differently
- not as if freedom is just for liberals
- three parts: agent, obstacle, goal
- an agent needs to be free to pursuit a goal
- obstacles can be physical or mental (a false believe)
- a is free from b to achieve, be, or become c
- each individual may be free as long as they dont harm people (liberal)
- people should not be explotied (Marx)
Ideology and Revolution:
- orginial meaning of revolution was return to an earlier condition
- french revolution 1789: new meaning
- fundamental change in a society
- "revolution" means "radical change"
- overthrowing the old order (cause it sucks and it is corrupt)
- take it out by the root of the problem
Left and Right:
- meaning derives from the French Revolution
- seating in the national assembly
- if you had one view, you would side on one side
- for or against change
- the left wanted change
- the right wanted to stick to the way things were
- historical, territorial communities of belief
- each nation should be self determining is a view
- tied to a home land that has beliefs that they believe they are a nation
- linked to a public culture
- active, distinctive
- ethic origins, but created by states (formed basis)
- creation of states (created national idenity)
- be loyal to the state
- not an ideology, it is complinded with others
What is Liberalism?
- all liberal aim to promote individual liberty
- liberals vaule liberty
- eqality? everyone should have liberty
Brain Barry:
- 1936 - 2009
- Britsh political theory
Barry on Liberal States:
- religious toleration
- toleration differences
- freedom of the press (17th century)
- abolition of servile social status (some people are natural subdorinate to others)
Barry on Liberal Ideas: