Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Henry David Thoreau, Positive Liberty, Anti-Capitalism

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Published on 23 Nov 2011
School
Western University
Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Lecture: Conservatism Part 1 Nov. 3 rd
, 2011
Key themes in liberalism
Liberalism as an ideology
Conservatism as an Ideology
Read pgs. 102-125 B&D
According to Jones’ lecture, Smith argues that capitalism:
a. will lead to the disappearance of states
b. benefits the worst off
c. promotes disorder
d. fosters dependency
e. too lazy to think of an answer for e
T.H Green 1836-1882
Green’s Welfare Liberalism
- government is not merely a necessary evil
- the state can advance individual liberty by promoting equal opportunities for all
- 2 concepts of freedom
- negative freedom: absence of restraint
- positive freedom: actual ability to do something worth doing
- main obstacles to freedom: poverty, ignorance, prejudice, sickness
- government can promote freedom through poor relief, public schools and
hospitals, and regulation of working conditions
Liberty Justice
- Rawls: equal basic liberties
- Fair equality of opportunity
- Income and wealth inequalities only if they benefit the worst-off
- Nozick: minimal state – a rights-protected agency permitting capitalist acts
between consenting adults
Nozick on Good Lives
- each of us has our own conception of the good human life
- the state should allow individuals to design their own lives
- when society would be best for Gandhi, Angelina Jolie, Einstein, Thoreau,
Picasso, Babe Ruth and Prof Jones
Rights, Liberties, Toleration
- emphasis on civil and political rights
- protection for basic liberties of conscience, speech, association, occupation and
sexuality
- toleration: separation of church and state
Neutrality, Pluralism, Capitalism
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Document Summary

According to jones" lecture, smith argues that capitalism: will lead to the disappearance of states, benefits the worst off, promotes disorder fosters dependency d. e. too lazy to think of an answer for e. Green"s welfare liberalism government is not merely a necessary evil the state can advance individual liberty by promoting equal opportunities for all. 2 concepts of freedom negative freedom: absence of restraint positive freedom: actual ability to do something worth doing. Main obstacles to freedom: poverty, ignorance, prejudice, sickness government can promote freedom through poor relief, public schools and hospitals, and regulation of working conditions. Income and wealth inequalities only if they benefit the worst-off. Nozick: minimal state a rights-protected agency permitting capitalist acts between consenting adults. Nozick on good lives each of us has our own conception of the good human life the state should allow individuals to design their own lives. When society would be best for gandhi, angelina jolie, einstein, thoreau,

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