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Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Henry David Thoreau, Positive Liberty, Anti-Capitalism

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

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Lecture: Conservatism Part 1 Nov. 3 rd
, 2011
Key themes in liberalism
Liberalism as an ideology
Conservatism as an Ideology
Read pgs. 102-125 B&D
According to Jones’ lecture, Smith argues that capitalism:
a. will lead to the disappearance of states
b. benefits the worst off
c. promotes disorder
d. fosters dependency
e. too lazy to think of an answer for e
T.H Green 1836-1882
Green’s Welfare Liberalism
- government is not merely a necessary evil
- the state can advance individual liberty by promoting equal opportunities for all
- 2 concepts of freedom
- negative freedom: absence of restraint
- positive freedom: actual ability to do something worth doing
- main obstacles to freedom: poverty, ignorance, prejudice, sickness
- government can promote freedom through poor relief, public schools and
hospitals, and regulation of working conditions
Liberty Justice
- Rawls: equal basic liberties
- Fair equality of opportunity
- Income and wealth inequalities only if they benefit the worst-off
- Nozick: minimal state – a rights-protected agency permitting capitalist acts
between consenting adults
Nozick on Good Lives
- each of us has our own conception of the good human life
- the state should allow individuals to design their own lives
- when society would be best for Gandhi, Angelina Jolie, Einstein, Thoreau,
Picasso, Babe Ruth and Prof Jones
Rights, Liberties, Toleration
- emphasis on civil and political rights
- protection for basic liberties of conscience, speech, association, occupation and
- toleration: separation of church and state
Neutrality, Pluralism, Capitalism
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