Which is not a characteristic of liberalism? state neutrality a: emphasis on rights toleration c. d. recognition of pluralism, deference to tradition. Burke"s career an irishman in the british parliament. Most famous critic of the french revolution of 1789 against the revolutionaries" views of human nature, society, freedom, revolution and government. Freedom freedom is not necessarily good rights are concrete, not abstract and universal ordered liberty to act in accordance with society"s laws and traditions. Revolution and reform revolution, radicalism, innovation are all mistaken reform: careful, gradual, recognizes complexity of society prefer prejudice to abstract reason. Burke on government reflective, responsible, representative trustees who prefer their own judgment to the people"s opinion natural aristocracy and little platoons. Joseph de maistre reactionary throne and altar against enlightenment rationality. Pius ix"s syllabus of errors human reason requires god"s help to discover truth and promote human welfare. Catholic religion is the only religion of the state. Reject pursuit of profit and material wealth.