Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Social Darwinism, Lysistrata, Mao Zedong

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Published on 23 Nov 2011
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Lecture: Fascism & Feminism Nov. 22 nd
, 2011.
Hitler and Nazism
Key Fascist Themes
Feminism
Read pgs 221-252 B&D
Who argued that Means, or Moral Considerations, are as important as the victory of
socialism?
a. V.I. Lenin
b. Joseph Stalin
c. Ed Bernstein
d. Mao Zedong
Hitler’s Nazism
- two explanations for Hitler’s rise to power:
1. economic
2. charismatic
- resentment about end of WW1
- German people (‘Volk’) must defeat Jews, communists, and liberals
- need a strong, dominant leader (‘Fuherprinzip’)
- nationalism
- lebensraum (living space)
- social Darwinism
- racism and anti-Semitism
Fascism: Key Themes
- sense of crisis needing radical solution
- subordination of individuals to the group
- one’s group is a victim whose enemies must be attacked
- (Paxton) fear of liberalism, class conflict and other alien forces
- permit community integration by violence if necessary
- need for authority by natural (male) leaders embodying group’s destiny
- superiority of leader’s instincts to abstract and universal reason
- celebration of violence and will, when devoted to group’s success
- right of the chosen people to dominate others without moral restraint
Your Roommate’s Proposal
- glorify the nation
- wipe out opposition
- celebrate violence in the name of solidarity
- rule by sadistic, instinctual leader
- submission to supreme leader’s authority
Feminism
- eliminating the subordination of women
- history of sexual inequality, injustice and domination
- Aristophanes’ Lysistrata (411 BCE): asserting women’s power
Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)’s Feminism
- A Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792)
- Enlightenment commitment to reason and equality
- Women and men are equals in possessing the capacity to reason
- Women are oppressed by social institutions, including education
- Differences between men and women are artificial, not natural
- Changing institutions (ex. marriages, education) will end inequality
Liberal Feminism
- overcome overt discrimination
- change laws and institutions
- goal: equalize opportunities for women and men
Women get the Vote
- 1893: New Zealand
- 1902: Australia
- 1906: Finland
- 1917: Canada
- 1918: UK
- 1920: USA
- 1944: France
- 1971: Switzerland

Document Summary

Who argued that means, or moral considerations, are as important as the victory of socialism: v. i. Lenin: joseph stalin, ed bernstein, mao zedong. Hitler"s nazism resentment about end of ww1 two explanations for hitler"s rise to power: economic, charismatic. German people ( volk") must defeat jews, communists, and liberals need a strong, dominant leader ( fuherprinzip") nationalism lebensraum (living space) social darwinism racism and anti-semitism. Wipe out opposition celebrate violence in the name of solidarity rule by sadistic, instinctual leader submission to supreme leader"s authority. Feminism eliminating the subordination of women history of sexual inequality, injustice and domination. Aristophanes" lysistrata (411 bce): asserting women"s power. A vindication of the rights of women (1792) Women and men are equals in possessing the capacity to reason. Women are oppressed by social institutions, including education. Differences between men and women are artificial, not natural. Changing institutions (ex. marriages, education) will end inequality.