Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Corporate Capitalism, Political Compass, Wilt Chamberlain

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Responses to rawls: kymlicka and nozick (cont"d) Rawls" theory says that justice requires a distribution of resources that: is to the greatest benefit of the least advantaged. Rawls is correct to accept the choice-circumstance distinction, so : compensate for natural disadvantage, don"t subsidize choices. Nozick"s entitlement theory distribution need not fit a pattern patterns: need, ability, desert. The wilt chamberlain argument distribution d1 is just all steps from d1 to d2 are voluntary therefore, d2 is just liberty upsets patterns. Nozick vs. rawls difference principle is a patterned principle free exchanges will create a new distribution difference principle will require interference in people"s lives. Rawls: taxes on wealth need not be invasive. Nozick: taxation is on a par with forced labour. Rawls: redistribution can increase the freedom of the poor. Assessment of nozick correctly emphasizes the value of making our own choices but fails to deal fairly with unequal circumstances.

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