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Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Corporate Capitalism, Political Compass, Wilt Chamberlain

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

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Lecture: Ideology Oct. 25 th
Responses to Rawls: Kymlicka and Nozick (cont’d)
Ideology and ideologies
Ball & Dagger read pgs. 45-64
Rawls’ theory says that justice requires a distribution of resources that:
- is to the greatest benefit of the least advantaged
Will Kymlicka’s Two Objections
- Rawls is correct to accept the choice-circumstance distinction, so…
1. compensate for natural disadvantage
2. don’t subsidize choices
Robert Nozick (1938-2002)
Nozick’s Entitlement Theory
- distribution need not fit a pattern
- patterns: need, ability, desert
- Nozick: historical and unpatterned
The Wilt Chamberlain Argument
- distribution D1 is just
- all steps from D1 to D2 are voluntary
- therefore, D2 is just
- liberty upsets patterns
Nozick vs. Rawls
- difference principle is a patterned principle
- free exchanges will create a new distribution
- difference principle will require interference in people’s lives
- Rawls: taxes on wealth need not be invasive
- Nozick: taxation is on a par with forced labour
- Rawls: redistribution can increase the freedom of the poor
Assessment of Nozick
- correctly emphasizes the value of making our own choices
- but fails to deal fairly with unequal circumstances
- Wilt lacks absolute property rights
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