Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Galvanization, Liberal Democracy, Securitization

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16th century onward: long decline in domestic crime and violence. 18th-19th century: police replace military as providers of domestic order. Military remains as extension of state"s monopoly of violence, arm of. Regime falls when military ceases to defend it: military is lynchpin of political order in this regard. Military may offer itself as alternation to civilian rule - junta. Perspectives: a) liberal: sustain rule of law impartially, consensually, b) conservative: props up state authority in face of constant threat of disorder, c) radical: serves elites, represses people, requires constant check and challenge. Ferguson"s subversion of broken windows theory in ferguson, used ticketing for city income, too much to make this theory work. Idea that you should use the police for small-scale ticketing and arrests. If windows in neighbourhood are not broken, then tells criminals that they take care of each other should move on. Broken windows are best motivation for criminals.

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