Produce new politicians; recruiting and train; develop skills that are important for political lives (the right stuff) Don"t automatically decide who will be the next government, but election and the right to govern is strongly related. Represent or offer an opportunity for us to express our views. Functional for making sure that popular views are being represented. Votes and elections influence policy but are not the only consideration. Sustaining democracy because electors have a chance to change governors; rather than the regime. Are defined as the rules we"ve created for governing elections. Election results: who wins, by how much they win, how much power they get. Emphasis on ridings; tend to rely upon single member districts (going to produce one winning parliamentary) Winner take all system: majoritarian bias, walk away with bulk of the power. Choose parties; perhaps also candidate (ranked in order) Multi-member districts (going to produce more than one member.