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Lecture 16

Political Science 2142A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Anthology Of American Folk Music, Sunset Strip Curfew Riots, Peter, Paul And Mary


Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 2142A/B
Professor
Alison Meek
Lecture
16

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LECTURE – THE MUSIC OF THE COUNTER CULTURE
Evolution of different genres, and impact on culture
oRock and roll – stars in 1950s
Dark ends – Barry in jail, Little Richard quit, Elvis in the army, Lewis scandal,
Holly died
THE STATE OF ROCK AND ROLL, 1960S
oPre 1960s Folk Music
Social protests – extremely political
Musicians
The music itself
JOHN LOMAX
1867 – preserving American Folk Songs
ogrew up in rural Texas, recorded songs and would transcribe the
lyrics
discouraged by Texas intellectuals at University
owent to Harvard – MA in Literature
Bartlett, Wendell, et. Al. listened to his transcribing songs,
encouraged hobby
Applied for fellowships allowing him to travel around the
country, wrote his first book
“Cowboy Songs and Other Frontier Ballads, 1910”
Archives of American Folk Songs established in 1928
Library of Congress – prominent position – archives
By his death in 1948, he aided in the collection of over
10k folk songs for the Library of Congress
Carried a machine all across American recording and
transcribing
oWhat has happening in rural America, in the South, etc.
HARRY SMTH’S “ANTHOLOGY OF AMERICAN FOLK MUSIC, 1952”
Compiled from his personal collections, helping revive 1950s and 60s folk
music
oCompilation of country, blues, Cajun, and Appalachian music
WOODY GUTHRIE
Background – southern background, father taught him folk songs, songs
of heritage
oInfluenced by mother to embrace music through story telling
Landed a job on a radio singing “old time” and original songs
Made a name for himself, especially with migrant workers
oLiving on the streets, in shacks, etc.
Controversial radio commentary and music
oCorrupt politicians, rights of migrant workers, etc.
Advocate for truth, fairness and justice
oIdentified with this “outsider” status
February 1940
oIrving Berlin – readapted song “God Bless America”
oWoody Guthrie – having none of it – absolutely sick of hearing god
bless America

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“This Land is Your Land” – wrote about the dark realities of
America (dust bowl, poor problems Americans are facing”
PETE SEEGER AND THE WEAVERS
oPolitical views and the progressive movement
o“If I Had a Hammer”
played for people of the United States Communist Party
charged by violating the Smith Act – overthrowing the
US Government
June 3rd, 1949
Got in trouble with HUAC
oSpoke up and had songs all throughout his career
oActive in the civil rights movement
o1960S FOLK MUSIC
social context
the baby boom generation and college kids
civil rights and the grassroots movement
Kennedy’s Inaugural Address 1961
PETER, PAUL, AND MARY
Folk singing trio with a near 50-year career
Heavily influenced by Seeger, etc.
“Puff the Magic Dragon”
oAbout a lost childhood, etc.
“We Shall Overcome”
“Blowing in the Wind” original song by Bob Dylan
oplayed songs together on the march on Washington with MLK
BOB DYLAN
May 24th, 1941
Enrolled at arts college of Minnesota in 1959
Began performing solos in cafes – adapted name, legally changed name 3
years later
Incredibly influenced by Kerouac’s “On the Road”
oWanted to experience lifestyle, wanted to meet Guthrie
Visited him regularily in the hospital
‘The Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan” 1963 – folk songs, “Blowing in the Wind”
‘The Ballad of Emmett Till”
oyoung man killed for supposedly whistling at a woman
“Oxford Town”
oJames Meredith and Old Miss
“A Hard Rain’s Gonna Fall”
oabout the Cuban Missile Crisis – warnings
the Newport Music festival, 1965
oRitchie Havens,
oPeter, Paul, and Mary
oBob Dylan
By 1965, Dylan had achieved the status of “a spokesman of a generation”
– incredibly influential with American folk music
oFOLK ROCK – additional instruments – electric guitar – repulsive at first
THE BYRDS
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Roger McGuinn and David Crosby
“Turn, Turn, Turn”
osong written by Pete Seeger in the late 50s
olyrics are adapted word for word from the book of Ecclesiastes
o“the number one hit in America with the oldest lyrics”
oconsidered a protest song – “a time for peace – I swear its not too
late”
BUFFALO SPRINGFIELD
oNeil Young and Stephen Sills
o“For what its Worth” 1967
Sunset strip curfew riots – hippie riots in Hollywood, etc.
residents complaining that the strip was becoming too
loud, so they set a curfew for 10 p.m.
applied to individuals who were under the age of 18
oinfringing on rights
November 12th 1966 – inviting people to demonstrate
o1k youthful demonstrators – including Jack
Nicholson
oTHE BRITISH INVASION********
Popular rock music – most favoured by young people
First wave – Manfred Mann, Petual Clark, etc.
THE BEATLES
JOHN LENNON, PAUL MCCARTNEY, GEORGE HARRISON, RINGO
STARR
1960s
Liverpool – drew local following
Performing together with various groups in church groups, added fourth
member soon after
“The Corrie Men” – still seeking a image and a name
ofinally decided on “the Beatles” – melding of homages
February 1961 – played at popular club in Liverpool, gained some
popularity based on their style
oSports coats without a collar, tight pants, cutting long hair into a
neater bob, etc.
o1961 – Ringo Starr comes in
UK – social revolution – class lines were giving way to a new order
oUnemployment was high, young people seeing fewer and fewer
opportunities, etc.
oSaw what was happening to US youth – protests – added fuel to
the fire
oManipulation regional accents during job interviews
Beatles – embraced their accents – working class citizens
and people
oBrian Epsteen – manager
oBased on African American music, new innovative style
“the Mod style” – the modern style
BEATLEMANIA
oHit after hit in England – absolute pandemonium in the US
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