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Lecture 18

Political Science 2142A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Roone Arledge, 1984 Summer Olympics Boycott, Pierre De Coubertin


Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 2142A/B
Professor
Alison Meek
Lecture
18

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LECTURE – PATRIOTISM THROUGH SPORTS AND THE REVIVAL OF
COMICBOOKS
SPORTS SHOULD BE PLAYED FOR SPORTSMANSHIP
oSports shouldn’t really be, or the intent of, political***
Sports are incredibly political or cause political controversy
Eg.
oBarbie was used at the cover of sports illustrated 2014
Portrayals of women and beauty – body image
Cover model – not even a real person or athlete
Bathing suit – white and black stripped – ode to original
Barbie
BARBIE = ALWAYS BEEN A LIGHTNING ROD FOR
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CONTROVERSY
oMICHAEL SAM COMING OUT
First footballer to actually come out in the NFL
September 2015 – Sam came out as gay, and doesn’t regret
coming out. However, he does regret it in a sense that he is
no longer in the league because of it
oMUHAMMAD ALI
Cassius Clay
Baptist family
Showman
High school – wasn’t particularly good – saw boxing as a chance for a
better life
oWon the national Golden Gloves and heavyweight championships
Had the ability of drawing in crowds – knows he’s the best and isn’t afraid
to play off of it
oIntimidation tool against opposing fighters
Fight against Sonny Liston, 1964
oConvicted felon, known for a brutal fighting style
Too young for Liston??
oHundreds of thousands of fans
oLess than 12 minutes – turned opponent into a bloody mess
Bragging, etc.
Charisma, personality – drew in a fan base
Controversy?
oDay after the Liston fight – came out saying that he was a Muslim
“I don’t have to be what you want me to be. I am free to be
who I want”
WASN’T ACTUALLY A “MUSLIM” - NATION OF ISLAM –
small religious group that has its roots in the northern
ghettos of the 1930s
Objective of the civil rights movement***
OVERHWELMING NEGATIVE RESPONSE FORM WHITE
AMERICA
Lost sponsors, NY Times didn’t want to publish his
name, etc.

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MLK Jr – promoting hatred, against the civil rights
movement
Floyd Paterson, November 1965 – opponent
oTotal slander – Muslim is evil, etc.
Anti-War controversy – “I ain’t got nothing against them Viet Cong. They
never called me n****r”
oRefused the draft, 1967
Young black Americans were being picked on and chosen
out of the draft
STRIPPED OF CHAMPIONSHIP ONE HOUR AFTER HE REFUSED TO
ENTER THE MILITARY
oLifted passport
oTrial – all white jury found him guilty of refusing induction
Maximum sentence – 5 years in jail
Escaped prison time – appealed
Support – Howard Cosell – sports announcer
oVERY KEY FIGURE – VERY MUTCH A POPULAR ANNOUNCER
oUsed television and radio opportunities to broadcast Ali’s hardships
and mistreatments and get support for him
oBy 1970, when attitudes towards Vietnam had shifted, along with
Cosell’s help, public opinions had shifted in favour of Ali
“BLACKS AND WHITE [ARE] DYING IN VIETNAM SO
THOSE PEOPLE OVER THERE WILL HAVE THE SAME
FREEDOM TO WORSHIP AS THEY WANT. SO HOW
COME I CAN’T DO IT HERE?”
oRumble in the Jungle, 1975
George Foreman
o‘The Thrilla in Manila” 1975
Joe Frazier
1980 – retired – “punch drunk”
otoo many punches to the head affecting health
opermanent neurological damage, Parkinson’s disease, etc.
inspired many other people to speak out and speak their minds
oencouraged people to speak out and go by their own inhibitions if
they have their own platform
oOLYMPIC DIPLOMACY
The modern Olympics were reborn in 1896
LE BARON PIERRE DE COUBERTIN
oWanted to construct a better and more peaceful world through
sports, so nations could come together and view themselves as
peaceful friends
Olympic principles – GAMES MUST BE FREE FORM ALL GOVERNMENT
PRESSURES
Getting your flag into the stadium – political implications
Motives – rooted in politics – wanted a peaceful world, wanted to revive
French spirit after loss of Prussian war
oEarly 1930s – number of countries protested holding the game sin Berlin because of
Hitler being in power
August 1935 – 20k Americans came to MSG to protest the Olympics
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