Political Science 2230E Lecture Notes - Freedom Of Movement, Brad Wall, Clarity Act

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1/ Canada as a whole
Date created: 1867
Capital: Ottawa
Total area: 9 970 610 sq.km
Population (2009): 33.5 million
GDP (2008): $ 1.6 trillion (est.); GDP per capita (2008): $47,700
Unemployment Rate (2009): 7.7%
Federal Expenditures (2009): $258 billion
Federal Transfers (2009-2010): $83 billion (including $14 billion for equalization)
TAX POINTS PORTION IS $23 billion (does not include 4 billion in extra points for
Quebec)
Gov't: Conservative (Stephen Harper)
Political Culture: mainly moderate
308 Commons representatives (2008): Conservatives 143; Liberals 77; BQ 49; NDP 37;
Independents 2
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2/ British Columbia
Date joined Confederation: 1871
Capital: Victoria
Total area: 947 800 sq.km
Population (2008): 4.3 million
GDP (2007): $192 billion; GDP per capita (2007): $44,600
Unemployment Rate (2008): 4.6%
Equalization funds: no
Federal transfers (2009-2010): 5.4 billion
($1,220 per person)
Gov't: Liberal (Gordon Campbell)
Political culture: polarized between left and right
3/ Alberta
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Date joined Confederation: 1905
Capital: Edmonton
Total Area: 661 190 sq.km
Population (2008): 3.4 million
GDP (2007): $260 billion; GDP per capita (2007): $76,400
Unemployment Rate (2008): 3.6%
Equalization Funds: no
Federal Transfers (2009-2010): $3.6 billion
($1,000 per person)
Gov't: PC (Ed Stelmach)
Political culture: conservative
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4/ Saskatchewan
Date joined Confederation: 1905
Capital: Regina
Total Area: 652 330 sq.km
Population (2008): 1 million
GDP (2007): $52 billion; GDP per capita (2007): $52,000
Unemployment Rate (2008): 4.1%
Equalization Funds: no
Federal Transfers (2009-2010): $1.4 billion
($1,419 per person)
Gov't: Saskatchewan Party (Brad Wall)
Political Culture: moderate; some polarization
5/ Manitoba
Date joined Confederation: 1870
Capital: Winnipeg
Total Area: 649 950 sq.km
Population (2008): 1.2 million
GDP (2007): $49 billion; GDP per capita (2007): $40,800
Unemployment Rate (2008): 4.2%
Equalization Funds: yes
Federal Transfers (2009-2010): $3.6 billion
($2,946 per person)
Gov't: NDP (Gary Doer)
Political Culture: moderate
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6/ Ontario
Date joined Confederation: 1867
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Capital: Toronto
Total Area: 1 068 580 sq.km
Population (2008): 12.8 million
GDP (2007): $585 billion; GDP per capita (2007): $45,700
Unemployment Rate (2008): 6.5%
Equalization Funds: yes
Federal Transfers (2009-2010): $15.9 billion
($1,222 per person)
Gov't: Liberal (Dalton McGuinty)
Political Culture: moderate
7/ Quebec
Date joined Confederation: 1867
Capital: Quebec City
Total Area: 1 356 790 sq.km
Population (2008): 7.7 million
GDP (2007): $300 billion; GDP per capita (2007): $39,000
Unemployment Rate (2008): 7.2%
Equalization Funds: yes
Federal Transfers (2009-2010): $17.7 billion
($2,274 per person)
Gov't: Liberal (Jean Charest)
Political Culture: polarized between separatists and federalists
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8/ New Brunswick
Date joined Confederation: 1867
Capital: Fredericton
Total Area: 73 440 sq.km
Population (2008): 753 thousand
GDP (2007): $27 billion; GDP per capita (2007): $35,800
Unemployment Rate (2008): 8.6%
Equalization Funds: yes
Federal Transfers (2009-2010): $2.6 billion
($3,545 per person)
Gov't: Liberal (Shawn Graham)
Political Culture: moderate
9/ Prince Edward Island
Date joined Confederation: 1873
Capital: Charlottetown
Total Area: 5 660 sq.km.
Population (2008): 139 thousand
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