Political Science 2231E term 2 lecture 1.docx

24 views10 pages
Published on 21 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 2231E
2231 term 2 lecture 1 1/9/2013 8:35:00 AM
The Origins of the International System
The Early international system
Pre-1500: about 500 independent political units in Europe
1500-1800: dynastic or absolutist sates try to maintain political unity
division between state and society ( feudal systems, etc)
constant interstate wars
o only for economic and political gain
transnational elites prevented total wars of destruction
o European royalty were all related, intermarried, etc
Europe in 1600
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
VS
Europe in 1800
Post 1800: consolidation after the revolutionary and Napoleonic wars
In 1900, 20 independent political units in Europe
Largely due to the development of the modern nation-state
17th Century European Conflict
The 30 years’ war (1618-1848)
Begins with protestant uprising in Bohemia and Austria, spreads
throughout continent and loses its religious motivation
One of the longest continuous wars
Use of mercenary armies and territorial grabs
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
o Could not get citizens to fight for them, no modern state yet
One of the largest, most deadly ( to citizens) wars ever
o Some huge amount of German peasants were killed, aprox
30%
Peace of Westphalia (1648)
Ended the 30 years’ war
Established sovereignty in international law
Recognizes that sovereignty rests with secular rulers
Gave each ruler the right to determine the religion of their state
18th century Europe: Great powers
generally, great powers are both economically and militarily strong
Major players in the system with relatively large territory and population
France, England, Austria, Russia, Prussia and the Ottoman Empire
Goal was to prevent a single power dominating
Most wars were against a power trying to gain more control, and
being blocked by the other powers
“Grand Alliance” of Austria, England and the Netherlands Vs France (1740
1748)
Prevented French domination over Spain
War of Austrian Succession (1740- 1748)
France, Spain and Prussia vs Austria and England
The Seven Years War (1756 1763)
!8th Century Revolutions
American Revolution (1776 1783)
England and France passed on debt from the seven years’ war to
the American colonies
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Pre-1500: about 500 independent political units in europe. 1500-1800: dynastic or absolutist sates try to maintain political unity. Division between state and society ( feudal systems, etc) Constant interstate wars: only for economic and political gain. Transnational elites prevented total wars of destruction: european royalty were all related, intermarried, etc. Post 1800: consolidation after the revolutionary and napoleonic wars. In 1900, 20 independent political units in europe. Largely due to the development of the modern nation-state. Begins with protestant uprising in bohemia and austria, spreads throughout continent and loses its religious motivation. Use of mercenary armies and territorial grabs: could not get citizens to fight for them, no modern state yet. One of the largest, most deadly ( to citizens) wars ever: some huge amount of german peasants were killed, aprox. Recognizes that sovereignty rests with secular rulers. Gave each ruler the right to determine the religion of their state.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.