Political Science 2231E Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Jon Runyan
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Lenses = Theories
Theories = Lenses help us bring some things into focus and can blur others -- even eliminate them
Anne Runyan & Spike Peterson
Brings together a set of assumptions, ideas, propositions that are relevant… these organize facts,
ideas, events, and explanations
Created from experience, formulas, or imagination
What is a Theory?
What is most important
What we can see, understand, and conduct analysis
Theories provide context for:
For someone (audience) [Cox]
For some purpose (goal, message for audience, action) [Cox]
By someone (author) [Nig] -- drawn from feminists
Theories are always:
Machiavelli = art -- duality, multi-theoretical
Weber = science -- as a knowledge, find out the irrefutable laws
ALL IR is written from some theoretical approach BUT is IR a "science" or an "art"?
Meta Theory = interrogating a theory -- what are the assumptions? Why those assumptions?
Ontology = theory of being -- what objects, categories, subjects of study are important?
Epistemology = theory of knowledge -- what can we know? What counts as knowledge?
Methodology = data, evidence, proofs, cases - what methods or tools for validating or invalidating
Claims to Tradition = past scholars or authors who give the approach continuity, salience, depth,
Elements of All Theories:
Lecture 1 - IR Theories
POLITICS 2231E Page 1