Lecture 5: Part Two
The United Nations, Peacekeeping and International Law
Foreign Service Examination
1. This section must be filled out completely
– Your First Name, Last Name and Preferred Title: ______________________________________
– The Title of the post that you are seeking:
Ambassador (all students are seeking this)
Deputy Ambassador (or this)
Foreign Service Officer (you were this once, possibly)
Liaison Officer (or this)
Coffee Fetcher( UN gopher)
– Your Education and where obtained:
– Your Other Qualifications:
– Country and Place of Birth:
– _________________________________, _____________________________
– Are you a:
– ___ Citizen __ landed immigrant ___ visitor to our country ___ refugee
– Why are you interested in the post of Ambassador to the country of ___________?
– Please provide a one sentence explanation.
Background Knowledge about the United Nations( UN)
– The UN Security Council is composed of 5 permanent members, including
– Each of the P5 has a veto over any substantive matter that comes before the Council.
– There are also 10 non- permanent members, elected by the General Assembly in accordance with an
agreed geographical formula for two year terms.
- A substantive matter requires 9 positive votes and the absence of a veto to pass in the Assembly.
– 5. The UN operates in six official languages: Arabic, Spanish, French, Chinese, English, Russian
– 6. The heart of the UN is the General Assembly (GA), a forum in which all stated can send representatives
to sit in session, present opinions, and vote on resolutions, which need a majority to pass.
– The UN was established in San Francisco 1945. Eventually the UN headquarters was moved from London
( England) to New York City.
What is Collective Security?
– which all stated will respect each other‟s recognized territorial boundaries and aggression by any state will
be met by a collective response. In other words, an attack on one will be considered an attack on all and
dealt with accordingly.
– This differs from a __________ __________ system which is a traditional alliance aimed at potential
aggressors outside the membership of the system.
Issues Affecting the UN Today
II Your Understanding of Issues Affecting the UN Today
– The regular budget of the UN ( not including peacekeeping, which is assessed differently) is approximately
( check off the answer) :
– ___ US$800 million ___ US $ 1.2 billion ___ US $ 12 billion ___ US $136 billion
– Many UN member states have not paid their:
– ___ dues ___ bills ___ assessments ___ debts _____ all the preceding
– For example, the United States owes $1.2 ______to the United Nations, more than a quarter of the
payments owed the world body by all member states, a senior U.N. official said in 2010.
– U.N. Undersecretary-General for Management Angela Kane told reporters that only ____of the United
Nations' 192 member states had paid in full as of 2011. The total arrears amounted to some $4.1 billion, up
from $2.2 billion at the end of 2009, Kane said.
Is the UN Bankrupt?
– The UN is also owed approximately US $1.6 billion for peacekeeping costs. The largest debtor country to
the UN is __________.
– 4. Without the money it is owed, the UN could be said to be:
– ___ bankrupt ___ severely constrained ____ in trouble ____ out of business
Is the UN Representative?
– 5. The UN has been criticized for being unrepresentative, with the composition of the
____________________________ reflecting the old distribution of power, while excluding emergent
countries, like _______________, _________________, _________________
– __________________, ______________
– 6. Some countries wish to avoid a stronger UN, as they are concerned it could become a:----- instrument ---
------world government ------overarching authority used by some stated to dominate or intimidate others ----
----- all the preceding.
– 7. In your opinion, is the UN ____ nowhere close ____ somewhat close or ____ very close to becoming
a world government, with supranational powers?
Should the US Pay Up its Debt?
– 8. In your opinion, should the United States continue to finance such a large portion (roughly one- quarter)
of the UN budget?
– ____ Yes
– ____ No
– ___ I would need to consult with my government on this
– ____ don‟t know
– 9. As it states in the first sentence of the Preamble to the UN charter, the UN was intended to:
___ “save succeeding generations from the scourge of war”
___” perform so many valuable functions that if it did not exist, it would likely have to be created”
___” act as a truly international organization, discarding any national obligations stated may have
toward their home states”
___”commit member states to resolve their difference peacefully and refrain from the use of
__ all of the above
– Important Warning: This section of the foreign service examination was written by a Canadian. Please be
aware that Canadians expect a higher degree of background knowledge and understanding of UN
peacekeeping than most foreign services. A 50% score on this section is considered to be a good mark.
– The conflict management provisions of the UN are found in:
– ___ the Preamble to the UN Charter.
– ___chapters Six and Seven of the UN Charter
– ___nowhere written down
– ___Lester Pearson‟s Nobel Peace Prize speech of 1957
– Chapter Six calls on member stated to resolve their disputes through:
– ___judicial settlement