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Lecture 5: Part Two
The United Nations, Peacekeeping and International Law
Foreign Service Examination
1. This section must be filled out completely
Your First Name, Last Name and Preferred Title: ______________________________________
The Title of the post that you are seeking:
Ambassador (all students are seeking this)
Deputy Ambassador (or this)
Foreign Service Officer (you were this once, possibly)
Liaison Officer (or this)
Coffee Fetcher( UN gopher)
Your Education and where obtained:
______________________________________________________
Your Other Qualifications:
Country and Place of Birth:
_________________________________, _____________________________
Are you a:
___ Citizen __ landed immigrant ___ visitor to our country ___ refugee
Why are you interested in the post of Ambassador to the country of ___________?
Please provide a one sentence explanation.
Background Knowledge about the United Nations( UN)
The UN Security Council is composed of 5 permanent members, including
China
France
Russia
UK
US
Each of the P5 has a veto over any substantive matter that comes before the Council.
There are also 10 non- permanent members, elected by the General Assembly in accordance with an
agreed geographical formula for two year terms.
- A substantive matter requires 9 positive votes and the absence of a veto to pass in the Assembly.
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5. The UN operates in six official languages: Arabic, Spanish, French, Chinese, English, Russian
6. The heart of the UN is the General Assembly (GA), a forum in which all stated can send representatives
to sit in session, present opinions, and vote on resolutions, which need a majority to pass.
The UN was established in San Francisco 1945. Eventually the UN headquarters was moved from London
( England) to New York City.
What is Collective Security?
which all stated will respect each other‟s recognized territorial boundaries and aggression by any state will
be met by a collective response. In other words, an attack on one will be considered an attack on all and
dealt with accordingly.
This differs from a __________ __________ system which is a traditional alliance aimed at potential
aggressors outside the membership of the system.
Issues Affecting the UN Today
II Your Understanding of Issues Affecting the UN Today
The regular budget of the UN ( not including peacekeeping, which is assessed differently) is approximately
( check off the answer) :
___ US$800 million ___ US $ 1.2 billion ___ US $ 12 billion ___ US $136 billion
Many UN member states have not paid their:
___ dues ___ bills ___ assessments ___ debts _____ all the preceding
For example, the United States owes $1.2 ______to the United Nations, more than a quarter of the
payments owed the world body by all member states, a senior U.N. official said in 2010.
U.N. Undersecretary-General for Management Angela Kane told reporters that only ____of the United
Nations' 192 member states had paid in full as of 2011. The total arrears amounted to some $4.1 billion, up
from $2.2 billion at the end of 2009, Kane said.
Is the UN Bankrupt?
The UN is also owed approximately US $1.6 billion for peacekeeping costs. The largest debtor country to
the UN is __________.
4. Without the money it is owed, the UN could be said to be:
___ bankrupt ___ severely constrained ____ in trouble ____ out of business
Is the UN Representative?
5. The UN has been criticized for being unrepresentative, with the composition of the
____________________________ reflecting the old distribution of power, while excluding emergent
countries, like _______________, _________________, _________________
__________________, ______________
6. Some countries wish to avoid a stronger UN, as they are concerned it could become a:----- instrument ---
------world government ------overarching authority used by some stated to dominate or intimidate others ----
----- all the preceding.
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7. In your opinion, is the UN ____ nowhere close ____ somewhat close or ____ very close to becoming
a world government, with supranational powers?
Should the US Pay Up its Debt?
8. In your opinion, should the United States continue to finance such a large portion (roughly one- quarter)
of the UN budget?
____ Yes
____ No
___ I would need to consult with my government on this
question
____ don‟t know
9. As it states in the first sentence of the Preamble to the UN charter, the UN was intended to:
___ “save succeeding generations from the scourge of war”
___” perform so many valuable functions that if it did not exist, it would likely have to be created”
___” act as a truly international organization, discarding any national obligations stated may have
toward their home states”
___”commit member states to resolve their difference peacefully and refrain from the use of
force”
__ all of the above
UN Peacekeeping
Important Warning: This section of the foreign service examination was written by a Canadian. Please be
aware that Canadians expect a higher degree of background knowledge and understanding of UN
peacekeeping than most foreign services. A 50% score on this section is considered to be a good mark.
The conflict management provisions of the UN are found in:
___ the Preamble to the UN Charter.
___chapters Six and Seven of the UN Charter
___nowhere written down
___Lester Pearson‟s Nobel Peace Prize speech of 1957
Chapter Six calls on member stated to resolve their disputes through:
___negotiation
___enquiry
___mediation
___arbitration
___judicial settlement
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