Political Science 2246E Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Natural Monopoly, Unfair Competition

2 views5 pages
Balance of Federalism
Federalism and the economic environment
- The economy and organizational structure
- Political equality and rights
o A formal parliamentary democracy
o Political system and state legitimacy linked with the fundamental equality of all citizens
- Economy is a liberal capitalists system
- Liberalism is primarily concerned with the economic rights of individuals
- Based on the private ownership of property and the means of production
Responsible government
- Legislature, executive and the departments
- Cabinet members (ministers) and PM (the political executive) are responsible to the legislature
for the operation of government departments
Federal Governance: The department
- Administrative unit under direct ministerial control and management based on constitutional
convention
- Doern: Classify departments based on:
o Relative powers according to size of budget
o Responsibility for coordination
o Knowledge’s or research capacity
o Three types
Horizontal political coordination (central agencies plus Foreign Affairs, and
international trade and justice)
Vertical constituency
Horizontal administrative coordination
Horizontal Policy Coordinative
- 6. Central agencies
o Finance
o Treasury board
o Privy council office
o Prime Minister’s office
o Foreign Affairs and International Trade and Justice
o Politically influential though small in numbers and budget yet strong in responsibility for
coordination and research
Vertical Constituency
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
- Direct service providers
- Often high profile
- With large budgets and large constituencies
- But they usually can’t intervene in the affairs of other departments
- Due to the large constituencies the central agencies often have difficulty intervening
Horizontal administrative Coordinative
- Least influential
- Potentially problematic
o I.e. Tax collection problems of the National Revenue department; purchasing policy of
public works/government services
- Public works and government service Canada
The Legislature and Control
- Created by legislation
- An act of parliament gives initial control over the departments and agencies
- This tends to be broad and ambiguous (eg. Veterans Affairs
- Secondary legislation may also influence (eg. The Financial Administration Act, the Public Service
Employment Act)
Legislative ‘control’
- Annual budget approval enables Parliament to exert some control and influence
- Parliamentary committees have some ability to force change (eg. C-68- 1994)
- Daily constituent problems represent most of the impact that backbench MPs can have
- Public opinion
- Doctrine of individual ministerial responsibility means that ministers still are responsible and can
be held accountable
Ministerial Authority
- Minister has line authority over all public servants in the department
- He/she is assisted by a small staff of political assistants (often functioning as gate keepers)
- Ministers can issue internal , department regulations
- Cabinets can make regulations consistent with legislation through orders in council
Varying numbers, organizations
- As many as 40 federal departments plus other agencies and crown corporations
- A formidable ‘span of control’ problem
- Canadian federal governments are expected to have representative cabinet based in part on
geography, ethnicity, religious, linguistic, gender and other criteria
- Large cabinet is required to represent everyone
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.