Migration and Refugees.docx

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MOVEMENT, REFUGEES AND FORCED MIGRATION March 1, 2012
FORCED MIGRANTS
People who are forced to flee their home because of a certain situation, these are often
called refugees
REFUGEES
Any person who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race,
religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion is
outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear is unwilling to
avail himself of the protection of that country
ECONOMIC MIGRANT
Someone who is forced to leave their home country because of economic conditions
REFUGEE VS IDP
Relates to borders, refugees cross borders and seek a certain status
And IDP stays within the borders of their own country affects claims on asylum and
affects the way we view sovereignty
Some of the trickiest issues in terms of sovereignty relate to the ethical questions of
what can happen to these people
UNHCR
Established 1950
UNHCR Statute (1950)
1. Access to protection for refugees
Refugee Convention (1951)
- Provide rights to people who
- Right to access to national courts
- Right to employment and education
- ECOSOC rights
- No immediate right of asylum
- BUT: non-refoulement must be honour
- (the right not to be returned to a country where they face prosecution)
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