Political Science 3388E Lecture Notes - Internally Displaced Person, Rise Against, Korean War

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Forced Migration
Song: Prayer of the Refugee, Rise Against
February 25, 2010
12:31 PM
Definitions
Refugee (pg 243)
oAny person who, owning to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for
reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social
group or political opinion is outside the country of their nationality and is
unable, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection
of that country
Internally Displaced Person (IDP) (pg 240)
oAny person in a refugee-like situation who hasn’t left the borders of the
country
Economic Migrant (pg 247)
oA person who leaves his home country because of economic factors
All of the above have different rights
UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR)
oEstablished in 1950
Migration of people out of the Nazi regime, away from the
Korean war, etc
oStatute
Ensure access to protection
Ensure solution
To the problems that had caused the migrants to cross
the borders and become refugees
oRefugee Convention (1951)
To grant rights to people who do not have a state to be
responsible to their welfare
Right of access to national courts
Right to employment and education
ECOSOC rights
Right of Non-refoulement (most important)
The right not to be retuned to a country where they
may face persecution
BUT no agreement on right of asylum
Why Flee?
οCaused by deep ethnic division and economic underdevelopment
Environmental disaster
Conflict
Ethnic Cleansing
Poverty
War
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