Class Notes (807,371)
Canada (492,736)
Lecture 14

Political Science 1020E Lecture 14: Political Science – February 28

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Bruce Morrison

Political Science – February 28, 2017 Populism and the Parties of the Extreme Right: Lecture 14 Populist Extremist Parties  Austrian Freedom Party o 1999: 26.9% of the vote o Joined the Coalition Government of Austria in 2000, large outcry amongst European countries o Narrowly lost in the 2016 presidential election (president of Austria does not hold as much power as in France and America)  France’s National Front o 1997: 14.9%, Round 1 – Did not place in top 2 o 2002: beat socialists to enter round 2 o 2012: 13.6%, Round 1 o Leading field for 2017 elections  The Netherlands – Two Major Populist Parties o List Pim Fortuyn – 2002: 17% o Freedom Party – 2010: 15.5%  Sweden Democrats o 2010: 5.7%, 20 seats (of 349) o 2014: 12.9%, 49 seats What are these parties?  Not Protest Parties: o Established bases of support: voter profile (older generations over younger, more men than women etc.) o Key issues – Immigration, integration (parties take a sense of ownership over these issues; skepticism toward these issues)  Not Catch-All Parties: o Outperforming Neofacists Parties (not outwardly racist, seen as protecting citizens rather than keeping away a race) o They are parties of conviction – limits appeal, creating the parties to be “catch- all” parties to gain more support Believes of Populist Extremist Parties  Reject Principle of Human Equality o Do not believe in a biological superiority, but rather do not accept the idea of liberal citizenship o Nativism, Ethno-nationalism; the country is for those who live there o Less emphasis on jobs and resources, more on threat to national community  Cultural anxiety – people confronted with ‘more change than they can handle,’ globalization o These cause reason to support immigration restrictions  Embrace Populism o “The People” as homogeneous – against pluralism; fundamental unity of citizens as “the people,” don’t consider other political viewpoints to be legitimate o “The People” as virtuous – against ‘corrupt’ elites, mainstream parties, representative democracy  Demonization of media – Donald Trump, ‘I represent the people, get out of my way,’ attitude, media is corrupt  Populists want to give the power back to the people that has been taken away by the ‘corrupt elites’ o “The People” as victim – there are simple solutions to complex problems; elites don’t want to give solutions to fundam
More Less

Related notes for Political Science 1020E

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.