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Lecture

State; Sovereignty.doc

4 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Bruce Morrison

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SOVEREIGNTY •Heteronomy - vassalage; within a feudal society unequal but diatec relationships contain social and political content. players becoming established in a relationship with lords it was a complicated latticework of relationships, these crossed national borders •fusion of economic, social and political power in these relationships. no straightforward pattern of relationships •ideological and terrestrial power, developing sovereignties and structure of the Holy Roman Empire, multilayered heteronomy is different in the sense that its a fragmentation and fusion in • relation to authority and today sovereignty is a more concentrated conception •Authoritative regimes: how do we separate the ruler from the concept of the sovereign - is sovereignty merely the sovereignty of the ruler when they're the actual ruler? who holds sovereignty is one question, whether its absolute is another, and • the last has to do with the internal and the external ramifications of sovereignty • - theres a limitation because the internal acceptance and the external unacceptance of the leader as the sovereign • - the absolute monarchy is both modern and traditional - anderson approach - absolutist monarchs are forward and backward looking absolutism represented redeployed and recharged apparatus of feudal domination - once feudal forms of authority come under challenge, there are new sources and redirections of activity and authority in society, feudal classes the lord and noble classes that had been able without trouble now find that they are under significant challenge by the lower social classes - the absolute monarchs used the power of the new state in order to support the authority that they had traditionally possessed •what role does religion play? the reformation of the state being separated from religion. the reformation would end decades of religious conflict • use the power of sovereignty to fight against the domination of religion in politics the context of religious conflict that allows us to understand the • development of the rise against religion •Bodin - confusion between ruler and sovereign, because sovereign is above the rule of law because the sovereign is the law. Nelson says Bodin associates the state too thoroughly in power •a state has to be consistent with the changing of the regime - regime is the source of power within the state •if the regime question is about the flow than the state points to something more enduring and timeless •limited monarchy or the idea of an absolute monarchy - Bodin justified sovereignty in strong terms but got caught in moving sovereignty to the state. he cant imagine sovereign as being anything but absolute which doesn't always work • the ideas of the ordering of the regime are not available to bodin - not fully yet a theorist of the state therefore • the regime must mean a set of rules in the way power is organized, it wasclear from the beginning in the soviet system that this was a party state, a regime in which a vanguard party in the truth of history and development of its history, this party comes into power with a mandate to use the structures of the state to complete the process of the classless society • under capitalism the state exists and it is extremely powerful in the sense but the state reinforces the structures of power within the state - Marx - recognition in the powers of the state creating the conditions - the state is always involved in class based exploitation in a class state • modern forms of totalitarianism are highly charged forms of the modern state - its a regime question • absolute monarchies are the in the business of centralizing power - absolute sovereignty for Hobbes doesn't touch on questions of territory and society • idea of how limited absolute monarchies actually are - instead of enforcing power directly on the population they relied heavily on patronage relations, some deriving from the Kings others from noblemen, these regimes didn't rely on the divinity or power of the crown, they developed on structuring goodies to go down the line to lowest social scale in order to promote patronage to the regime • absolutism in this idea is not about subordinating individuals it has to do with the absence of rivalry within the state, concentration of authority and that there are no rivals to this power - more capa
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