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State; Structuralists.doc

3 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Bruce Morrison

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RECONSTRUCTING THE HISTORY OF THE DISCIPLINE •there grew a degree of less satisfaction with the idea of state autonomy •people grew dissatisfied with how much power the state had initially the problems of autonomy and the extend to which political phenomena • could be explained through state analysis •neo-institutionalism said that we placed too much emphasis on the state. institutions matter, but they don't necessarily have to be owned and operated by the state •variety of rules and norms that characterize the values of societies - state as merely an institution of one amongst many in this way •sociological institutionalism - institutions can be seen as norms •historical institutionalism built its identity by playing itself off rational choice theory •characterization of the enemy - stereotyped rational choice theory •broadening the state of institutions FEMINISM • •nordic feminism: don't run away from the state but work from within it slowly reforming the structure •the state for feminism can be defined as all the same - three major types of welfare state •socio democratic welfare state - constructs the family and gender in a particular way •liberal welfare state (anglo-American way) doesn't think that much about the family - the market with stratify the classes and will do so with families - capitalism may ravage the family if thats what happens thats okay •conservative welfare state - corporatist in origin, traditional families are interconnected, sub groupings that themselves are tightly bound, one of these groupings is the family - family is a crucial corporate building blocks of an effective society •the market is a dissolver of the family and is a revolutionary idea •male welfare model - welfare cheques get sent to paternal head of household and they are the recipient of welfare as they are the main breadwinner for the family and they are to do with the funding as they wish Nordic - primary concern is with the autonomy of all individuals to promote • equality between all- counteract power dynamics wherever it finds them. defense of the family. benefit should not flow to one particular person but rather to the person who needs them for recognition to counteract power dynamics and trying to use the welfare state to provide opportunities to those who may otherwise be disadvantaged childcare is most well developed in France and Quebec - view that that • family structure is different and is changing than when these policies are originally written and currently require reform •the way the welfare state works is that welfare creates a policy that creates groups of people that lobby the government for new welfare developments that reflect change in the government and so the cycle continues •often there is a catalyst that imposes change followed by human empathy which also promotes change •there is a dual discourse at work, rights and the ability to accept change and you require movement on each in order to enact change •the danger in aestheticizing the state is assuming that change is possible. and many respond that the state is bought and so
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