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State; Behaviouralism.doc

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Western University
Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Bruce Morrison

PLURALISM •Behavioral revolution: what as political science was scientizing itself how did political theory get transformed? behavioralism: Easton - the aim general, and empirically oriented theory. • Applied universally in a timeless fashion, the idea is to create a theory that encompasses all movements in the world. Context free universal theory but isn't entirely focused on empirical data •there is not something so different between different countries and time periods that they cant be treated as problems with common solutions - this is the idea of behavioralism - aim to explore patterns of regularity, unambitious understanding of political science •context can be stripped, patterns can be developed, broad deductive standard of testing •substantial pressure from below on the upper elites, induces a fear in the process of revolution - whether to yield concessions which has to do with the inequality •context inhibits our ability to generalize - can you generalize only within regions, the extent of comparability both geographical and in chronological terms, with question of extent of generalizability • the different context which things occur that we can't effectively generalize EASTON • •political system is one aspect of a broader social system, there is a variety of systems at work in social and political life •it is possible to abstract out the political system from the broader social one but there is certainly a systemic wholism to this system •made up of a variety of elements, that all work together in a variety of processes •essentially saying that theres a prior unity of the social sciences but this has gone into decline due to the accumulation of facts because of empirical facts, sense that as different disciplines accumulated more facts and began to understand how these facts moved into clusters you started to see fragments and specialized greater reliance on the specialization of evidence each discipline starts to • emerge in an attempt to generate a strategy and identity for itself •as political science began to do this it identified the state as the foundation of the discipline • the state begins to vary at the different approaches of pluralism • the state gives meaning to civil society - pluralism believe the complete opposite •Weber - the state is the only institution that can legitimately use coercive use of violence •we see a significant move toward empirical political science, we have specialized ourselves right out of the game by accumulating too much knowledge - believes there's a need to go beyond research, need a systematic political science constructed by natural sciences, establishing systemic understanding of the discipline • WHAT IS THE SYSTEM inputs: supports and demands - political system - outputs: decisions, • policies - all results in feedback •figure out what people want and the demands that they generate •authoritative distribution of resources, who gets what •any society in any time - what is the cost of using the state, of taking advantage
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