Globe and Mail
The Guardian (free)
WHY DO WE NEED A STATE?
Thought experiment: Imagine life without the state and political power
Aristotle: Man is, by nature, political.
Hobbes: Man is, by convention, political.
He claimed that the worse scenario imaginable is no state protection,
and that we need a powerful state to avoid disastrous interpersonal
Life without the state would be unbearable.
Introspection: there is a respect in which we are all alike.
Materialism: we are fundamentally material, physical beings.
Felicity (happiness): continuous success in getting what you want
Power: the ability to obtain what you want, now and in the future.
On Human Nature
People are predominantly self-regarding. (they will do what will protect
themselves and their desires)
People seek to enhance their reputation.
We are averse to our own death.
We are equally vulnerable, equally able. (none of us is strong enough
to dominate everyone else)
The Road to War
Life without the state would be a war of all against all.
… due to equality— no one can be completely safe … due to scarcity— no one would have an incentive to produce without
… due to uncertainty— everyone is a potential threat, has a reason to
three reasons to attack others
lack of trust: safety
His answer: read thyself. Think about th