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Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

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Anarchism  „an‟ + „archos‟ = without rulers  believe that we would be better off without government  cooperation is possible without coercion Hobbes on Anarchism  any kind of state is better than no state at all  fear, suspicion, and competition will overwhelm cooperation  a few bad apples can ruin anything  Anarchists‟ Response: a. even if we have no state, humans are naturally good  if everyone was good, then why are there now states? b. it‟s possible to have social cooperation without coercion There seem to only be two options: conflict or the state. The State & Political Obligation Negative argument: The State is the only alternative to the State of Nature.  default option Is there a positive argument for a moral duty to obey the State? Do we have a moral obligation to obey the law? Why Political Authority is Morally Problematic— Is State Power Legitimate?  people are naturally free, equal, and independent  if we are naturally free, equal, and independent… legitimate power must be created by us  if we are naturally free, equal, and independent, and legitimate power is created by us… authority requires our consent (in order to be legitimate) Key Features of the State 1. Claims a monopoly of legitimate violence 2. Responsibility to protect its citizens (in turn for monopolizing legitimate violence) Universal Political Obligations  justifying the state = showing that there are universal political obligations  should we obey the law just because it‟s the law? o the Parent Analogy:  state-citizen relation is like the parent-child relation (Plato‟s Crito)  life and benefits generate gratitude and the duty to obey  problem: unreasonable orders and laws The Social Contract Voluntarism: State‟s political authority depends on my consent  consent is the basis of the authority Social Contract: political obligation is based on contract or agreement  Hobbes: the end of obligation is protection Does eve
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