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Polisci 1020E- Feminism.docx

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Western University
Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

 eliminating the subordination of women o where the subordination stems from varies according to type of feminism  history of sexual inequality, injustice, and domination o eg. Seneca Falls— feminist movement in New York in 1848: tyranny within the household, compelled to obey husband, denied rights to property and vote, submit to laws in which they had no voice, unable to earn own wage, denied university education, different moral code than men  Aristophanes’ Lysistrata (411 BC): asserting women’s power in politics o pacifist who proposed a sex strike for peace to end the war Continuing Injustice (Sen)  100 Million Women are Missing o there are fewer women in the world than there would be if women were equals o age specific mortality rate— a sign of gender inequality: denial of necessary nutrition and health care o female and children neglected in terms of health care, feeding  44 million “missing” in China, 36 million in India HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF FEMINISM Mary Wollstonecraft (1758-97)  liberal feminist  A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) o about radical, political equality o criticized French Revolutionaries for championing rights of man and neglecting rights of women  enlightenment commitment to reason and equality  women and men are equals in possessing the capacity to reason  women are oppressed by social institutions, especially education  differences between men and women are artificial, not natural o women are not sexual beings, they are human beings  changing institutions will end inequality LIBERAL FEMINISM  overcome overt discrimination  change laws and institutions o marriage and divorce laws o schools, access to employment  goal: equalize opportunities for women and men Interesting Facts (not on exam) Women Get the Vote  1883: N
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