Class Notes (839,556)
Canada (511,391)
Lecture

Polisci 1020E- Socialism, Part II.docx

4 Pages
49 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Charles Jones

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
MARX ON EXPLOITATION, THE STATE, AND HUMAN NATURE  theory of surplus value  central idea: workers are sacrificed for the interest of capital Exploitation  exploitation is the extraction of surplus labor o the source of profit which makes the world go round o capitalist makes profit by…  how does the capitalist make profit? o distinction between labor and labor power o purchases labor power of worker (at market value) and receives the labor of the worker o the labor value is more than the cost of the labor power: surplus value Capitalist profit is the surplus value created by workers. Class Struggle  history is the history of class struggle  conflicts of interest are linked to our relationship to the means of production o politics is mostly about resolving conflict— for Marx, it‟s class conflict, and only class conflict  the state exists to deal with conflicts of interest generated by coercive surplus extraction o to promote interests of those who control the means of production o this calls for revolution Marx‟s Two Accounts of the State 1. A committee for managing the common interests of the Bourgeoisie o based on 19 thcentury British politics o dominant economic class (Bourgeoisie) uses the state to promote their interests o problem: Marx thought that revolution would come because of exploitation, but it did not— 2. The State as an independent actor th o based on 19 century French and German politics o identifies range of subgroups: peasants, captains of industries, radical petty bourgeoisie (small artisans, watch- makers…) o the State came to have its own interests On Revolution  revolution is likely in States that fail to integrate their excluded classes  Bismarck‟s strategy: buy off working class and maintain a loyal army o a conservative o introduce a welfare state  universal suffrage could lead to election of a socialist government o normal bourgeoisie state is a democracy: eventually suffrage would lead to socialism On Human Nature  universality: overcoming divisions o things that divide us are less important things that bring us together o after the revolution, we will become universal beings and divisions will disappear o workers across the world will introduce a new economic system o objection: particularity if permanent  human beings are creative producers o objection: labour is not our essence SOCIALISM AFTER MARX Engels  creator of official Marxism after Marx‟s death in 1883  exposed poverty and criticized subordination of women  materialism and „scientific socialism‟ o Marx‟s materialism: humans organize themselves in a specific way in order to produce material lives, which influences how they think o Engel‟s materialism: reductionist, Hobbesian o Engel‟s „scientific socialism‟: true socialism sees proletariat as revolutionary force Iron law: socialism is com
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit