Class Notes (806,632)
Canada (492,366)

The Political Process

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

1 June 11, 2008 The Political Process The Political System • Based on model of D. Easton (1965) • Main Idea o Politics is best understood as a dynamic “system” (regulating patterns) of human interactions  Understand the “system” and you understand political outcomes  Politics is like the workings of an aquarium Basic Model: Inputs  Political System   Outputs Demands, supports Political Actors, InstitutionsPolicies, Laws • Outputs then create new demands and supports • Basic Flow o Society to a political level and back again o Ignores the idea of a relatively autonomous “state”  The Political System reflects societal wants  There really is no firm “state” as the political system is a shifting mix of individuals, groups, and institutions Political Culture • Individual attitudes, beliefs, orientations, and behaviour towards government and politics o More broad than ideology G. Almond and S. Verba’s classic study of political culture (1961): • Types o Parochial  Populace is mainly ignorant of politics • Ex: many African countries o Subject  Populace is aware of politics but is passive towards those in authority • Ex: Nazi Germany o Participatory  Populace is aware of politics and participates in governing • Ex: the U. S. • Main Idea: o If political institutions are not congruent with a certain political culture, then those institutions are unstable  Political culture changes slowly 2 • Main Concern o Do liberal democracies need a participatory political culture to survive?  Ex: Will Russia revert to authoritarian politics because the dominant political culture is “subject” in nature? • Criticisms of this Approach o Assumes there is one political culture in a nation  Are there not powerful “subcultures”? o Heavily dependant on survey research  Can be biased Post-Materialism (R. Inglehart) • Main Idea o Western political cultures used to be characterized by “materialistic” concerns  Ex: people wanted politicians to provide welfare and jobs o Since the 1970s, the political culture of most first world states has become “post-materialist”  People now have many political demands which go beyond narrow material needs • Ex: preservation of animals and national parks Interest Groups • Collection of individuals who aim for common political goals • Also known as “pres
More Less

Related notes for Political Science 1020E

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.