Political-Science Lecture 3
Hobbes’s State of Nature
• Hobbes, unlike Aristotle believes that humans are not naturally political. We
formed city-states for convention and well-being
• Fear – Hobbes believes in the feeling of fear
• War – wrote during the time of the English civil war – anarchy, stateless land
would be a disaster.
• Peace – hobbes is philosopher of peace
• Worst scenario: No State Protection
• Powerful State is needed to avoid disastrous interpersonal conflict. Centralized political
• Main premises: Human Nature – what are we fundamentally like
• Introspection – look into your self and you will be convinced of true human nature
• Materialism – we are fundamentally material things. We are matter in motion
• Felicity – continual success in getting what you what.
• Power –ones present means to obtain future apparent goods. There is no contentment
in this life. We are never satisfied with what we have.
• Predominantly self-regarding – your desires are usually your own desires. But you can
still care about other people
• Seek to enhance reputation
• Averse to our own Death
• Equally Vulnerable, Equally Able –
The Road to War • Equality –all vulnerable to attack
• Scarcity – no one would have incentive to produce goods
• Uncertainty – everyone is a potential threat. Anticipating attack.
Three Reasons to Attack