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Lecture

Democracy Part 2

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Nig

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Democracy Part 2 4 October 2011 Exam: Multiple Choice October 29th 10am - 12 pm 125 Questions Plato's Ship Analogy 1: - the art of naviagtion (the cre doesnt know how to naviagte) - drunken pleasure cruise - you wouldnt want to go around on a drunken pleasure cruise, so why would you want a political system run by average people - however there is a true-navigator (possesses knowledge, skills, and concern fot the good of everyone) - they should be incharge Why Decomcracy? Intrinsic Reasons - there is something valuable in itself Self Rule: - democracy embodies a commitment to freedom or self-rule - people ruling themselves - democracy = individuals ruling themselves - autonomy = giving laws to oneself Jean-Jacques Rousseau: - 1712-1778 - "we can forced to be free" - we can be coreced and free - coercion: we are force to comply with laws - freedom: in a democracy, laws are self-imposed - freedom is acting as a reasonable person (rational) - so, coercion is compatable with freedom Government and Legislation: - Rousseau opposes democratic government because he think executive power should be held by the few - Rousseau supports democratic legislation because he thinks the people should make their own laws (the soverign) Objection: Democracy is not a form of freedom: - those on the losing side are subject to laws they do not give themselves - "majority rule" means the minority are not self-ruling - therefore those in the minority are not free Reply to Objection: - democracy provides more autonomy than any other decision procedure - democracy gives every citizen the opportunity to participate in law-making Second Intrinsic Reason: Equality: - democracy embodies a commitment to treating all as moral equals (not matter of sex, sexual orientation, ect.) - democracy = equal entitlement to participate - politics for a society of equals Against Subordination and Exclusion: - no natural subordination (everyone is equal) - inclusion of all adults equally in reaching collective decisions - need to be educated and resources to paticipate effectively Roussea
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