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Western University
Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Erin Hannah

1Power January 10 2012 FocusPower What is it Two types according to NigDominationpower overMake A do B when B does not want tooEmpowermentpower toassist help provide resourcesPolitics as StoriesNorthrup Frye Doug LongConservative majority positive vote for Cs or fear of NDP or default if dont like LibsAfganistan o Get out AlQaeda oget rid of terrorism osave the women and children orebuild Afghanistan so lost soldiers Global politics happens around youbecause of youPersonal is the politicalPersonal is the global o Rwanda personalpoliticalgenocideAll politics is local Tip ONeillglocal Sassen o Who are my neighborsfear them first o Airport security Iraq base security UWO securityWho runs the front line of securityWho are we trying to secure ourselves againstCostfinal arbiterGood deeds bad resultsFood for the less fortunate challenged or facing a temporary set backWhat type of food do we drop off o Sugar cereals processed cans precanned meats preservatives little or no veggiesWhat sort of health results from that foodIs it helpful or a hindrance to bettering oneselfThey dont have this in Third World so is it a Western luxurySolutions ProblemSCALE Bombays Dharavi SlumUWODharavi oIs the worlds largest slum o 600 acres400 people per acre240000 people o UWO900 acres o wDharavis population360000 people o Or entire population of London lives at UWO For every person in this class there would be another 10 added5000 entire stUWO 1 year classHow many kids will die from disease or malnourishment or poverty by the time this lecture is over 2400 TransSovereign problems are problems that are not solvable by one state or by state actorsIssues of SoverignityThe actual main global problemconfronting sovereignty while trying to solve problemsWhy have problems just become transsovereignThey always wereWho has jurisdictionKey globalization o Facilitation easier o Intensity greater impact o Interdependencestates relying on each other rather than do aloneself tech autos2o Spreadingimmigration disease o Transferringenvironment damage o Bordersdrugs sex traffic nuke material o Global organizationsUN World Bank Russian Mafia January 12 2012Issues of SovereigntySovereignty of states means you get to do what you having control or powerex Westphalia 1648Jurisdiction Legitimate right to makes rules in your stateTerritory Land air waterBorders delineated and demarcated ViolenceLegitimate use of force actor if you break the law and harm other Max WeberPopulation People ResourcesEconomyGovernmentSystems institution controlRecognitionBy other statesMost importantnonegotiableUN recognitionWhy Sovereignty Matters after 1648Onuf deal with competing authority structures Majestas institutions inspiring respect ex monarchy church This does not exist anymore because they dont have as much power anymore as they used tooPotestas Imperiandi coerce and enforce rules ex states Kingdom The state doesnt follow you to the afterlife the state instead used coercive tactics such as violence to control you It transfers sovereignty from the church or monarchy to the state structure Youre not loyal to Steven Harper rather your loyal to the Canadian political structure and system Stewardship rule on behalf of citizens Burke democracy Once you vote your vote is saying that you give politicians to act on your behalfSpruyt rationalize resources and economies State economy capitalist economies of scale you sovereignty to consolidate the economy everything is done on a larger scale Get rid of competing political organizations based on papacy ethnicity and religion and moves the loyalty to other things The form of European statehood after 1648 becomes used throughout the world International agreements and equal standings all European states are equal autonomousOne voice you want one person to speak for the group of people to make agreements and enforce rulesSovereignty was once linked to Capitalism There are 8000 ethnicities throughout the world state sovereignty today isTodays challenge Transsovereign Issues3 8000 ethnicities or 191 states nation states dont exist states doNeed manage without closing borders economies flow of info etc India IsraelRequire cooperation Iraq AfPak Us needs to look at the entire problem of these nations in the warCoordination resources and outcomes what is successEconomic and social issues interconnected ex drugs wealth lifestyle job respect stress health insuranceContracting outselling sovereignty Paramilitary mercenaries for hire Ugandan soldiersGlobal economyopen markets Managing financial crisis BUT return to Performance Bonus cultureFuture of Sovereignty Ohmae nostalgic fiction in the age of the global economy states not sole powers corporations work together NGOS TERROSIST OTHERS all can be very powerful in changing political decisions ex 911 changed a lot of security polices throughout the world Retreat of the state Susan Strange state cant perform its functions defence of territorydevedno threat deving cant stop threats reduce social safety net decrease spending and reduce taxes cant help own populationlower taxes less public works better marketsdecisions about trade les about states interest states are marginalized and central to their own marginalizing getting selves out of the waythey all need some entity whether it be jobs or something else to keep the economy a floatcannot build infrastructure privatize property rights keep taxes lowunable to secure monopolies and certain states domestic industries global trade MNCs ex truffle industry the state is no longer the only legit use of violence Currency valuesfloating currency and global tradeno controlThis means that states have lost control over money if the currency is floatingEconomic development foreign direct investment FDIoutsidersElectric motive plant is moving so collapse of jobs and loss in economyEconomic management pressure to curtail fiscal regulatory rolelaissezfaire get state out of the waySkills revolutionJames Rosenau Growth of technologies to access government directly check information be informedDiversity of skills needed by all actorsIncrease democratic accountabilityTerritorialless sovereigntyRichard RosencranceDoes not need landcontrolJapan influence and role in many parts of the world Honda Toyota Control of land does not guarantee sovereigntyIraqMore things change Kraser default assumption Spruyt no political alternative to European Westphalian state sovereignty if they want control and be recognized by other states Anything less will not be recognized
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