Class Notes (811,659)
Canada (494,847)

Political Science 1020E - PS - Lecture 23.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Peter Fragiskatos

PoliSci1020E March 13, 2012 Lecture 23 TOPIC Development and Theories of Development  Modernization Theory  Dependency Theory  What is Development *Not concerned with bio or psychology, but the field of development studies. Why are some parts of the world poor and others not? Main Focus  Why inequality and poverty exist? How can these come to an end? Both focusing on the global scale.  The theory was established after WWII. Each theory and explanation add to the definition of what development is.  Theory = beliefs that use evidence existent in a phenomenon. They tell us about causes and open the door for solutions. Modernization  First influential development theory.  Thrives in the 1950’s and the states.  Talks about transitions. Particularly societies shifting from traditional to modern.  Traditional societies have structures that make and keep people poor. Therefore, according to this theory, the poor parts of the world are the one’s shaped around the value of tradition.  Walt Rostow (1916 – 2003) o Key thinker (wrote in 1960’s). o Claimed that the third world was behind because they didn’t embrace science and technology. This prevented the addressing poverty and economic growth (e.g. agricultural production). o Technology in the world is limited because knowledge and access to it is limited. This is a result of religion (not embracing science and technology). o When religion remains the dominant source of power, progress is impossible. o Traditional societies are held back because power is in the hands of a few, giving rise to a sense of apathy. It is difficult to progress and individuals don’t see potential or find incentive to work hard.  Isaac Newton (1642 – 1747) o Britain was his model for traditional societies to aspire to. o An example of a key thinker in scientific progression. o Originally a traditional society, Britain progressed with the help of the minds like Newton, becoming more secular and modern. o Allowed for social mobility when science was embraced. o Entrepreneurship, etc. becomes possible and parents see chances for their children to advance. Issue: How do you provoke change?  From the outside (1 world).  Foreign aid, foreign investment, technology transfers, increase trade, student exchanges (bring youth here for schooling and stimulate the progress, and the modernize their own countries). rd  David McClelland added that 3 world nations are held back because there is a lack of drive for achievement. Criticisms  Failed to see that Western societies were not always modern.  Baghdad is an example of the holes in the Modernization Theory. They ARE technologically advanced. They have a thriving economy (especially throughout their earlier history). Thus, this theory does not take history into consideration.  Introduction of technology requires people to produce goods. These people are robbed of their creativity – is that really development? (Marxism)  Concern of pollution. Pollution prevents healthy living environments.  For Rostow, development is only about economic growth.  Even
More Less

Related notes for Political Science 1020E

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.