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Political Science 1020E - PS - Lecture 25.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Peter Fragiskatos
Semester
Winter

Description
PoliSci1020E April 3, 2012 Lecture 25 TOPIC Consequences of Imperialism and Ways in Which it is Sustained Conflict Continued Humanitarian Intervention The Syrian Dilemma Can We Have Access to the Truth When Studying International Affairs? (Re: Kony 2012) Census. A journalists report can be taken seriously if they are actually on the ground/on location. Once something is seen and heard, this experience need not convey opinions (e.g. bombing of civilians) it can be an observation or can (also) include an opinion. Journalists usually find a way intentionally or unintentionally weave their opinion into their reports. Do those who describe what is going on have a credible record? If they have assessed conflict situations and after the fact, have been right, they are often deemed credible. Conflict Video: Malcolm Xs Wake Up, Clean Up, Stand Up. READ AUTOBIOGRAPHY. Group Identity o One can be many things and belong to many groups. These groups can be centered around nationality (culture, religion, food, tradition, etc.), gender, occupation, and even social roles (mothers and fathers tend to identify with one another). o Provides a sense of support, giving humans a group of people that they can depend on. This helps overcome personal, economic, social, and political difficulties. o Groups are held together by identities! o Identity arises in the human need to categorize the world in order to make sense of it. Kant: Things need to label everything and everyone in order to make sense of a complex and sometimes overwhelming world. Once we understand who we are, we can understand what we want. Self-Esteem o The answer you give to the question Who am I? will determine your self-esteem. Self-esteem is vital. Terror management theory claims that it helps us cope with the fear of death by getting us to think less about death and more about the things that make us feel good. It also helps us gage how we are accepted by others. Political leaders are the ones who try to keep group identity and self-esteem alive. Malcolm X o Successfully attempted to instill self-confidence in his (black) people. o Claims that the following are blacks who deserve recognition and attention: W.E.B. Du Bois. He was the first to address the concerns of African-Americans (before Malcolm X). When a groups identity is denigrated, conflict emerges. However, this conflict has to be mobilized by leaders! Categorizing Conflicts o Conflicts that have less than 25 battle-related deaths per year are called minor conflicts. When there are between 25 and 1000 battle deaths per year, this is an intermediate conflict. When there are over 1000 in each year, this is called a war. o War can take place both between and within states. When within, rebels can be fighting against the state, or against another rebel group. When you have fighting taking place within the state and over 1000 deaths, you have an internal war/civil war. The definition is heavily criticized, because it assumes that conflict is only something experienced by those directly and physically affected. Most deaths of civilians are not as a result of being caught in the cr0ss-fire, but many more die and arent considered battle-related deaths (sometimes thousands die in the cross-fire, but millions die in total). o Why so many civilians deaths? War causes destruction of health care and farming systems, rise in disease, and starvation. War creates further problems: low economic growth, and persistent threat and lack of trust in society (danger of recurring conflict). o Most wars in the world today are civil wars. The 80% of 160 wars that took place th from 1945-end of the 20 century, were civil wars! 30 conflicts took place between 2000-2009, 27 were civil wars most taking place in the 3 world. Why is there so much civil war in the 3 world? o People are fueled by their basic needs (basic needs t
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