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Lecture

2 -Liberalism 1.docx

3 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Charles Jones

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Liberalism: 1 Human Nature - What human beings are like – human motivation etc. - Competitive, Cooperative, Adaptable - Self-interest is the primary goal of most people - Limits political possibilities - Belief that we are able to live freely Freedom - Link between freedom and ideology: each ideology defines this differently - Individual freedoms - Any claim about freedom has three parts: Agent who is free of any obstacles to achieve a goal - A is free from B to a achieve, be, or become C - Do not believe that everyone can or should be equally successful—only that everyone should have an equal opportunity Ideology and Revolution - Original meaning of ―revolution‖: ―Return to an earlier condition‖ - French Revolution of 1789 gave a new meaning to ‗revolution‖ - Revolution means ―radical change‖ - Overthrowing the old order Religious Conformity - Liberals called for freedom of religion and separation of church and state Ascribed Status - Early liberals objected ascribed status (ones status is determined at birth and there is little one can do to change it) - Achieved status is supported: everyone is supposed to have an equal opportunity to wok his way to the top Left and Right - Meaning derives from the French Revolution and the seating in the National Assembly (one side of views sat on left other side sat on right; those on left wanted radical change) - For or against change Nationalism - Historical, territorial communities of belief - Communities of believe, tied to a specific territory/culture - Active and distinctive - Ethnic origins but created by states - Combines with different ideologies What is liberalism? - All liberals aim to promote individual liberty - Liberals value liberty Brian Barry on Liberal States - Religious tolerations - Freedom of the press - Abolition of servile social status Brian Barry on liberal ideas - No religious dogma can reasonable be held with certainty - Every doctrine should b open to critical scrutiny - Fundamental equality of all human beings: inequality is an artifacts Huamn Nature and Freedom - Rational, self interested - Fair competition and equal opportunity - Individuals should be free from legal barriers, customs, and
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