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3 -Liberalism 2.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Charles Jones
Semester
Fall

Description
Liberalism: 2 Liberalism in America - 1763: No taxation without representation - Armed rebellion, then independence - Key figure: Tom Paine - Author of Common Sense - The government is a necessary evil Liberalism in America: 2 - Legitimate government protects our natural rights - Key figure: Thomas Jefferson - Author of Declaration of Independence - “All me are created equal” – Jefferson - Liberalism and republicanism Liberalism in France: 1 - The old order’s three features - 1. Religious Conformity - 2. Aristocratic Privilege - 3. Political Absolutism Liberalism in France: 2 - 1789: Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen - Liberalism: Tolerance, Equal opportunity, Constitutional government - Republicanism: Fraternity, civic virtue Liberalism and Capitalism: 1 - Seeking economic liberty - Against mercantilism - Inter-country competition is NOT a zero-sum game Liberalism and Capitalism: 2 - 1714: Mandeville’s Fable of the Bees - Mandeville: Private vices generate public benefits - Physiocrats Adam Smith on Capitalism: 1 - 1776: Smith’s Wealth of Nations - Competition is fair and efficient - Invisible Hand: from self-interest to the public good - Free trade benefits everyone - Benefits the worst off - Promotes international peace - Conducive to order and good government - Fosters self reliance Smith on Government’s Role - Defend the country against attack - Protect property rights and maintain order - Provide public education and the infrastructure Smith of Distributive Justice - Opposes trade barriers, but supports taxation to benefit the poor - Rejects prevailing view of the poor - Poor are dignified industrious equally capable and entitled their fair share of goods 19 Century Utilitarianism - Jeremy Benth
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