Class Notes (836,147)
Canada (509,656)

3 -Liberalism 2.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

Liberalism: 2 Liberalism in America - 1763: No taxation without representation - Armed rebellion, then independence - Key figure: Tom Paine - Author of Common Sense - The government is a necessary evil Liberalism in America: 2 - Legitimate government protects our natural rights - Key figure: Thomas Jefferson - Author of Declaration of Independence - “All me are created equal” – Jefferson - Liberalism and republicanism Liberalism in France: 1 - The old order’s three features - 1. Religious Conformity - 2. Aristocratic Privilege - 3. Political Absolutism Liberalism in France: 2 - 1789: Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen - Liberalism: Tolerance, Equal opportunity, Constitutional government - Republicanism: Fraternity, civic virtue Liberalism and Capitalism: 1 - Seeking economic liberty - Against mercantilism - Inter-country competition is NOT a zero-sum game Liberalism and Capitalism: 2 - 1714: Mandeville’s Fable of the Bees - Mandeville: Private vices generate public benefits - Physiocrats Adam Smith on Capitalism: 1 - 1776: Smith’s Wealth of Nations - Competition is fair and efficient - Invisible Hand: from self-interest to the public good - Free trade benefits everyone - Benefits the worst off - Promotes international peace - Conducive to order and good government - Fosters self reliance Smith on Government’s Role - Defend the country against attack - Protect property rights and maintain order - Provide public education and the infrastructure Smith of Distributive Justice - Opposes trade barriers, but supports taxation to benefit the poor - Rejects prevailing view of the poor - Poor are dignified industrious equally capable and entitled their fair share of goods 19 Century Utilitarianism - Jeremy Benth
More Less

Related notes for Political Science 1020E

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.