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1. Sept 24-Society, Government and Politics.docx

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Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Nigmendra Narain

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Lecture 5: Society, Government & Politics ©Nigmendra Narain Claims  Empirical = factual  Normative = evaluative –second part  Combination of both in all claims about politics, etc.  Change over time ie. People used to believe that the world was flat. This was a factual claim, but now we know it is false. Now saying the world is flat is saying we are all interconnected Society  2 or more people developing/having a social relationship with each other  voluntary & spontaneous  self-sufficient –in the sense of reproduction and economic survival  Aristotle says, “man is a social animal”  Teleology ----People want to be in a POLITICAL COMMUNITY (state): Family>village>society>state  Not being political is a way in which people are political  common rules of conduct o enforceable commands o predictable behaviour 1. different societies have differing levels of predictable behaviour  Individual: one human being Politics  Is pursued through Coalitions -- collective configurations: personal relationships, family, formal alliances(banks putting money into political parties), mass politics, etc,  Idea of the Common Good: -may hurt individual interest, but is better for the greater good. o Socrates, Plato, Aristotle o "polis" = "city-state" in Greece o common political community o pursuing the "idea of the common good" -- not self-interest(s) 1. not Adam Smith‟s „collection of self-interest(s) which is our modern understanding of the „good‟for everyone 2. Rousseau: general will = good.  Human Projects: © Nigmendra Narain, Poli Sci, 1020, 2011-12: Page 1 of 2 o Bertrand de Jouvenal: politics is "activity of gathering and maintaining
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