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Geography of Canada Lectures 1 & 2.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 2133A/B
Professor
radmilovic
Semester
Winter

Description
Regions of Canada 01/08/2014 Southern Ontario and Southern Quebec = Central Canada NWFLND, P.E.I, NS and NB = Atlantic Canada Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta = Western Canada Yukon, Nunavut, NWT = Territorial North British Columbia = British Columbia Northern Quebec and Northern Ontario = Northern Canada Why regionalize and why these regions Manageable sections Identifiable physical features Breakdown on a provincial basis – statistics Commonly used by media and scholars Regions of Canada Functional Regional Framework Core/periphery, heartland/hinterland model Exists different scales What is the core? Traditionally, southern Ontario and southern Quebec 300 mile wide band between Windsor and Quebec City ­ i.e. “Main Street” Canada – aka Windsor­ Quebec  Axis *Focus in the global economy is Northeast USA and Western Europe. (Core) Definition of Core/Periphery or Heartland/Hinterland Property Core Manufacturing/industrial Geography is relatively small Relatively urban Diverse economy Receives raw materials from periphery Decision­making/ corporate head quarters Factors of production Densely populated Periphery Primary Geography is relatively large Relatively rural Resource based Purchases finished goods from core Receives decisions Receives factors of production Sparsely populated Traditionally away from the core  Regional disparity increases Average income decreases Unemployment increases Since 1980’s these “regularities” have started to change. * 33 Central Metropolitan Areas (Cities greater then 100,000 pop.) ½ in Southern Ontario More then one core/heartland in Canada? Yes and no Vancouver Edmonton/Calgary Regional Heartlands How did Canada’s heartland get to be the heartland? Staples Thesis – Harold Innis – one possible approach Staples Thesis How did Canada’s core become the core Staple product – a natural resource that can be exploited relatively quickly and cheaply for profit (fish could  be a staple product due to the how inexpensive it is.) East to West as Canada’s progression of Staple products over time. 1. Fish (East) 2. Furs (East slowly moving west as resources were exploited) 3. Timber (East slowly moving west as resources exploited) 4. Wheat (Ontario and later West) 5. Energy (Started in Ontario, now dominated by the west.) Canada sta
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