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Indigenous Lecture.docx

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Political Science
Political Science 2230E
Prof Dyck

Lecture Indigenous Politics Part 1 January1010 353 AM Major Questions1 What characterized the precontact societies of Indigenous peoples In what ways was contact with Aboriginal peoples significant to the Europeans who settled in the territory that would become North America o Selfgoverning and selfsufficient governments is what the Aboriginals had o Helped the newcomers survive winters etc o Politically significant contact with Aboriginals contributed to the political ways of the US government equality etco Iroquois confederacy 1142 oldest participatory democracy in the worldBased on consensus and consensus buildingReferendums held Both men and women would participate in the referendums Many tribes women held a significant role in political life Colonial system from the Europeans Aboriginal people were shockedGreat council made up of elders of each tribe Many rules placed to Council had jurisdiction over many nationsInternal though the people had jurisdiction over internal affairsFederalism The societies were more sophisticated then they thought 2 What principles of international law governed the activities of the Europeanswho discovered North America How do scholars characterize the relationships between Aboriginal people and E1600s 1812 early contact periodInternational doctrines goes out to discover new land International laws established If you show up to a new land you could never deprive a nation of its sovereignty Unlawfully of their land and sovereignty If there were no inhabitants on the land or terra nullius no ones land Then you were able to claim the land If there are inhabitants on the land then what do you do 2 optionsConquer the inhabitants in a just warTreaties try and have the inhabitants transfer land over to you Clearly recognize the land belongs to the indigenous people takes priority but the two options are their for countries or people who lack or limited to this ideal 3 What characterizes life in many Aboriginal communities today How did this state of affairs come to be Poverty many aboriginal people live below the poverty line 36 of women in 2000 lived belowwhere as 17 of nonAboriginal women Incomes Aboriginal people make significantly low level of income than nonAboriginal people
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