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Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 2230E
Professor
Caroline Dick
Semester
Fall

Description
1Multiculturalism, Race and Ethnicity Major Questions: 1. Why were the 1967 amendments to Canada’s Immigration Act significant for patterns of immigration? - gave preference to white people (European, American, French) - easier to assimilate into society - low percent from non-white people 2. What were the basic objectives of Canada’s 1971 official policy of multiculturalism? - much more culturally diverse country - Trudeau adopted official multiculturalism - two official language, many cultures - easy to assimilate - adopt one of the languages - retain ethnic identity - promote creative exchanges among cultural groups - help them assimilate to Canada - didn’t have to give up cultural - cultural mosaic - anti-USA approach (melting pot) - Canadian identity - some think it didn’t go far enough - still elevated the two founding nations - largely symbolic - didn’t equalize new comers to immigrants - Quebec wanted to protect their distinct society  undermined them as a distinct society from Canada (became one culture of many) - 1981 – 1989: - parties in favour of multiculturalism i) Race relation unit: - 1981 - more and more visible minorities - need to build a management of race in society ii) CORAF: - 1982 - support multiculturalism - equality rights, no discrimination (religion, language, section 27) - preservation of multiculturalism iii) Business: - 1981 - lots of diversity in business - promoted multiculturalism to business - globalization  international trade - tool to help Canada stay competitive at global scale iv) Canadian Multiculturalism Act: - 1988 - replaced 1971 policy - made it a firmer base - same goals as 1971 - help new immigrants, promote of keeping ethic heritage - preserve, share v) Creation of multiculturalism department: - became more important - encourage them to keep their identity 3. Why did support for multiculturalism by the Canadian public go into decline in the 1990s? How was the decline in support for multiculturalism evident in federal policy and federal party politics? - economic: “they took our jobs” - failed Meech Lake Accord: Quebec didn’t come back into charter  consequence of trying to give every group rights - devise force - Spicer Commission: - multiculturalism = culture was holding them back - give money to reduce racism, promote equality, provide orientation to new Canadians (integration) - instead promote equal citizenship - federal level: more away from cultural preservation - maintenance of multiculturalism - immigration policy: - 200,000 new immigrants - $970 to get into Canada - backing off of multiculturalism Brighton Report: - say thing as Spicer Commission - foster a universal citizenship, cultural preservation should be abandoned - federal government made cuts to multiculturalism (1997: 18.6 million dollars to it, which is a cut) - started to look like a melting pot  universal citizenship, they belong to Canada - many Canadians start to decline on support for multiculturalism - slightly less tolerant than USA 4. According to Malinda Smith, what are some of Canada’s greatest myths? -that Canada is less racist than the US -that Canada has a less racist history than the US -that Canada was a haven from slavery -that rac
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