Wednesday, 13 March, 2013
The Unipolar Era
What defines unipolarity?
- Command of the global commons
- The US can credibly threaten to deny use to others
- Sea, Space &Air
- The absence of competition (no peer competitor)
Is Unipolarity Peaceful?
- No great power conflict: Only one great power
- No structural sources of conflict: balancing is not possible given power preponderance
- The U.S acts as a global policeman: conflicts do not escalate, rogue states are kept in check
- There has not been a threat comparable to the Soviet Union but,
- The U.S has been at war for fourteen of the twenty years since the system became unipolar
- The type of conflict that emerges depends on the strategy that the United States adopts
Unipolar Grand Strategies: Overarching approaches in the international system.
- Aims at preventing the rise of a peer competitor through overwhelming power preponderance
- Makes it impossible for minor powers to deter
- Makes it difficult for other countries to project power in defense of a state without US approval
- Arguably characterized the Bush administration policy of preemptive war - fought to keep an
opponent from acquiring military capabilities that would shift the balance of power in its favor
- Emphasis on s