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The Unipolar Era .pdf

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Political Science
Political Science 2231E
Jessica Trisko

Wednesday, 13 March, 2013 The Unipolar Era What defines unipolarity? - Command of the global commons - The US can credibly threaten to deny use to others - Sea, Space &Air - The absence of competition (no peer competitor) Is Unipolarity Peaceful? Yes, because: - No great power conflict: Only one great power - No structural sources of conflict: balancing is not possible given power preponderance - The U.S acts as a global policeman: conflicts do not escalate, rogue states are kept in check No, because: - There has not been a threat comparable to the Soviet Union but, - The U.S has been at war for fourteen of the twenty years since the system became unipolar - The type of conflict that emerges depends on the strategy that the United States adopts Unipolar Grand Strategies: Overarching approaches in the international system. Primacy - Aims at preventing the rise of a peer competitor through overwhelming power preponderance (Realist) - Makes it impossible for minor powers to deter - Makes it difficult for other countries to project power in defense of a state without US approval - Arguably characterized the Bush administration policy of preemptive war - fought to keep an opponent from acquiring military capabilities that would shift the balance of power in its favor Selective Engagement - Emphasis on s
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