Class Notes (835,006)
Canada (508,865)

Political Science 2231E term 2 lecture 1.docx

10 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Political Science 2231E
Jessica Trisko

2231 term 2 lecture 1 1/9/2013 8:35:00 AM The Origins of the International System The Early international system Pre-1500: about 500 independent political units in Europe 1500-1800: dynastic or absolutist sates try to maintain political unity  division between state and society ( feudal systems, etc)  constant interstate wars o only for economic and political gain  transnational elites prevented total wars of destruction o European royalty were all related, intermarried, etc Europe in 1600 VS Europe in 1800 Post 1800: consolidation after the revolutionary and Napoleonic wars  In 1900, 20 independent political units in Europe  Largely due to the development of the modern nation-state 17 thCentury European Conflict The 30 years’ war (1618-1848)  Begins with protestant uprising in Bohemia and Austria, spreads throughout continent and loses its religious motivation  One of the longest continuous wars  Use of mercenary armies and territorial grabs o Could not get citizens to fight for them, no modern state yet  One of the largest, most deadly ( to citizens) wars ever o Some huge amount of German peasants were killed, aprox 30% Peace of Westphalia (1648)  Ended the 30 years’ war  Established sovereignty in international law  Recognizes that sovereignty rests with secular rulers  Gave each ruler the right to determine the religion of their state 18 thcentury Europe: Great powers generally, great powers are both economically and militarily strong Major players in the system with relatively large territory and population  France, England, Austria, Russia, Prussia and the Ottoman Empire Goal was to prevent a single power dominating  Most wars were against a power trying to gain more control, and being blocked by the other powers “Grand Alliance” of Austria, England and the Netherlands Vs France (1740 – 1748)  Prevented French domination over Spain War of Austrian Succession (1740- 1748)  France, Spain and Prussia vs Austria and England The Seven Years War (1756 – 1763) !8thCentury Revolutions American Revolution (1776 – 1783)  England and France passed on debt from the seven years’ war to the American colonies  Britain’s American colonies revolted  Independence won with French support French Revolution (1789 – 1793)  Disruption of the “Three estates” system  Topples the French monarchy and establishes constitutional rule through a national assembly  Promotes nationalism and liberalism as ideologies The Napoleonic Era (1792-1815) In 1799, general Napoleon wages a coup d’état and names himself First Consul of France  After he came back (and lost) Egypt to Britain Territorial gains by 1810  Controls Spain, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Poland and most of Germany and Italy  Allied with Austria, Prussia and Denmark  Opposed by Britain First defeat in 1814 forces his abdication Second defeat  Battle of waterloo  Marks peak of British power The Concert of Europe Congress of Vienna (1814-1815)  Territorial settlement and guarantee of the neutrality of buffer states o They created the borders of Europe  Network of mutually reinforcing treaties  Security alliance betw
More Less

Related notes for Political Science 2231E

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.