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Lecture Two PoliSci 2231E - Sept 18 .docx

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Political Science
Political Science 2231E
Rado Dimitrov

September 18, 2013 Great Powers in World Politics How do you know a great power when you look at a world map? - Traditional maps make countries look smaller (Europe on traditional maps looks bigger than India when in fact it should not be represented like that.) - Various ways to rank countries: - Size: use to be the most important thing - Population: to have a large army you need a large population therefore it can be a good measure. - GDP Per Capita: measure that is used often Define Power - Healthcare is important when looking at individual states, how they take care of their population is important. - Education is also important because you need highly trained people to succeed. - Innovation is important because technology can change the world Power: all about the wellbeing of your citizens in various aspects of their lives. Sweden - Is Sweden a major power? - Life of a Swedish citizen is a lot better than most countries in the world (mostly free education, fantastic benefits and healthcare). - Sweden GDP is also high, however they do not have the people to have a strong army. Great Power’s Powers - Military advantage (key advantage, overwhelmingly stronger than everyone else) - Spheres of influence (able to influence different parts of the world easily) - Influence on global order and institutions (set up the rules) World War I (1914-1918) - War began after one shot, leading to millions of deaths. - The war had major political effects: - Creation of the League of Nations: first modern experiment in creating global order, absence of world government before the war, league of nations closet thing to a world government. - Redrafted the political map of Europe: three empires were dissolved and new countries are established. Many more countries appeared on the map. League of Nations - American president Woodrow Wilson wanted a league of nations, interestingly an American president persuaded Europe to make a league of nations. - United States Congress decided against the League of Nations and America never joined officially. World War II - Causes: - Imperialistic ambition from Germany and Japan. War of conquest. - Great Depression triggered by the First World War and isolation. Created nationalism in countries, wanted strength and control. Appeasement: strategy of making concessions in the hope there will be no more demands. France and Britain did this with Germany. - Causalities: over 50 million people died in the war fighting this war of conquest. - Political Effects: - US joined world politics after Pearl Harbor realizing that isolation is no longer working and they have to be involved on the world stage. - Map was redrawn again, with the powers of the world changing with two powers emerging; Soviet Union and the United States. - Nuclear Weapons were used for the first time, Japan drastically changed after the nuclear bombs were dropped and the war ended. Constitution was drafted with American influence making them a democracy. - The United Nations was created and remains the main framework for global governments without being a global government. Solution to global problems that is successful and unique (never been done before). The Cold War (1950-1990) - Not really a war more a period of history since there was no actual fighting hence the name “cold” war. - Fueled other conflicts around the world, proxy wars. - Nucle
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