• The “form” had more good to it than the human concept of justice.
• Literally “politics of the body.”
• How does this align with Plato’s dispisal of the body. When the body has a
background role (meeting basic biological needs), for citizens of Ancient Athens,
these needs had to be met by the labour of others. This allowed citizens to
practice things such as philosophy, politics, war, etc. It’s not that the body is
unnecessary, but when the system of labour is working perfectly, it is in the
• Takes the body as not opposed to the mind or soul, but the mind and soul as parts
of the body. Children are to be moulded and shaped by politics. The soul can be
managed, created, changed, and accessed by others (movements, behaviours,
• The system of education seeks to mould these souls into abiding by social,
political, and intellectual behavior.
• Why does Plato advocate Corporeal Politics?
o For unity and harmony.
• Justice is ultimately composed of the coming together of the three cities.
• The healthy city, ruled by the principles of necessity.
• Every political system had to be designed according to a central principle.
• Socrates uses these cities to illustrate the idea of a just society – the meshing
together of the three cities to make a city of justice.
• Desire will begin to come into the mix, and will develop and spread amongst the
• The Harmonious Unity: The Just City is created by the combination of
specializations/natural affinities. All are to be carefully evaluated (from a young
age) to determine their natural abilities. ‘
• A lie whose function is to preserve the meaning and significance of the city as a
whole given – given to every citizens (gold, silver, or bronze) as a form of
identity. This is propagated in order to create a bond in the community and
prevent the mixing of roles. Anarchy and order is based on idea of preserving the
class system and prevent mixing of roles.
• The myth of the medals is the cultural aspect of controlling other human beings.
He claims that it is a noble structuring of society.
Is Plato justified in proposing the use of this myth/lie?
It’s been put into practice too many Instruments of destiny.
times and had negative outcomes – Rewards merit, providing incentive
e,g, the CASTE system. for hard work. Citizens have the
There are arbitrary rules and n