October 22, 2013
Recap of the idea of the body in relation to Socrates
• Nietzsche claimed that Plato was diseased for believing that the human body
restricted the citizen from freedom. To have to take care of your body and bodily
needs was to lose time that could be spent benefiting the community. The citizens
should’ve been able to dedicate all of their time to politics, economics, social life,
etc. For this reason, the body can never be a source of knowledge.
• Thus, it was the women’s job to take care of and satiate these needs. Slaves and
women can never be considered sources of knowledge either.
• The body (and women/slaves) should fade into the background.
• Nietzsche rejects this, and wants to design a philosophy that involves a
physiology of the body. He argues that it is only when humans develop a
consciousness that humanity becomes sick – develops aggressively rather than
• Book 1 is set in the port of Athens (the Piraeus). It is Socrates’ goal to ‘clean all
of this up’.
• Socrates assembles with friends, observing a religious festival, and have a
dialogue. It revolves around a contemporary